THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links

FEASIBILITY STUDY OF RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES AND OPTIMIZATION OF ELECTRICAL HYBRID ENERGY SYSTEMS: CASE STUDY FOR ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, SOUTH TEHRAN BRANCH, IRAN

ABSTRACT
Renewable energies are increasingly seen as the best solution to a growing global population demanding affordable access to electricity while reducing the need for fossil fuels. Country of Iran has vast untapped solar, wind, geothermal and hydroelectric sources that hold the potential to meet domestic needs. Renewable energy is also essential to Iran as it will curb massive air pollution. In this paper economical and feasibility study of various hybrid systems are performed by using HOMER software model for supplying electricity to the Engineering Department of Islamic Azad University. For this study, annual electricity demand of the university is 1,174,935 kWh with a peak demand of about 331 kW, average wind speeds, based on hourly data during the period of eleven years (2000-2010), are between 3 to 5 m/s in all months of the year. For solar radiation, six models are evaluated to select the best model for estimation of the daily global solar radiation (GSR) on a horizontal surface in the study location. Among these six models, H/HO=a+b (S/S0)+ c(S/S0)2 is chosen as the most optimum model for estimating solar irradiation. The results indicate that among the three hybrid systems for fulfilling electrical energy needs, the Wind/Diesel/Battery hybrid system with 9 wind turbines (20 kW), one diesel generator (300 kW), 50 batteries, and 50 kW power converters with net present cost of $4,281,800 and cost of energy of 0.285 $/kWh is the most economically efficient hybrid system. (based on 2015 US dollar).
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2015-09-02
PAPER REVISED: 2015-11-11
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2015-12-10
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-01-01
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI150902218F
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2017, VOLUME 21, ISSUE 1, PAGES [335 - 351]
REFERENCES
  1. Oyedepo, O.S. with et. al., Analysis of Wind Speed Data and Wind energy potential in three selected locations in south-east Nigeria, International Journal of Energy and Invironmental Engineering, (2012), 3, pp. 1-11
  2. Fazelpour, F. with et. al., Wind Resource Assessment and Wind Power Potential for the City of Ardabil, Iran, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering, (2014), 1, pp. 1-8
  3. Fazelpour, F. with et. al., Assessment of Wind Energy Potential and Economics in the North-Western Iranian Cities of Tabriz and Ardabil, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, (2015), 45, pp. 87-99
  4. Sawin, J.L., Renewables 2014 Global Status Report, Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century, 2014, pp. 1-21
  5. Askarzadeh, A., A Discrete Chaotic Harmony Search-Based Simulated Annealing Algorithm for Optimum Design of PV/Wind Hybrid System, Solar Energy, (2013), 97, pp. 93-101
  6. Ma, T. with et. al., A Feasibility Study of a Stand-Alone Hybrid Solar-Wind-Battery System for a Remote Island, Applied Energy, (2014), 121, pp. 149-158
  7. Khalilnejad, A., Riahy, G.H., A Hybrid Wind-PV System Performance Investigation for the Purpose of Maximum Hydrogen Production and Storage Using Advanced Alkaline Electrolyzer, Energy Conversion and Management, (2014), 80, pp. 398-406
  8. Paliwal, P. with et. al., A Novel Method for Reliability Assessment of Autonomous PV-Wind-Storage System Using Probabilistic Storage Model, International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, (2014), 55, pp. 692-703
  9. Kumar, R., with et. al., Economic Analysis and Power Management of a Stand-Alone Wind/ Photovoltaic Hybrid Energy System Using Biogeography Based Optimization Algorithm, Swarm and Evolutionary Computation, (2013), 8, pp. 33-43
  10. Agarval, N., Kumar, A., Optimization of Grid Independent Hybrid PV-Diesel- Battery System for Power Generation in Remote Villages of Uttar Pradesh, India, Energy for Sustainable Development, (2013), 17, pp. 210-19
  11. Li, C., with et. al., Techno-Economic Feasibility Study of Autonomous Hybrid Wind/PV/Battery Power System for a Household in Urumqi, China, Energy, (2013), 55, pp. 263-272
  12. Rahman, S. with et. al., Feasibility Study of a Wind-PV-Diesel Hybrid Power System for a Village, Renewable Energy, (2012), 38, pp. 258-68
  13. Shaahid, S.M. with et. al., Review of economic assessment of hybrid photovoltaic-diesel-battery power systems for residential loads for different provinces of Saudi Arabia, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, (2014), 31, pp. 174-81
  14. Shaahid, S.M, Elhadidi, M.A., Prospects of autonomous/stand-alone hybrid (photovoltaic + diesel + battery) power systems in commercial applications in hot regions, Renewable Energy, (2004), 29, pp. 165-77
  15. Shaahid, S.M, El. Amin, I., Techno-economic evaluation of off-grid hybrid photovoltaic-diesel-battery power systems for rural electrification in Saudi Arabia-A way forward for sustainable development, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, (2009), 13, pp. 625-33
  16. Elhadidi, M.A, Shaahid, S.M, Decentralized/stand-alone hybrid Wind-Diesel power systems to meet residential loads of hot coastal regions, Energy Conversion and Management, (2005), 46, pp. 2501-13
  17. Shahid, S.M, Review of research on autonomous wind farms and solar parks and their feasibility for commercial loads in hot regions, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, (2011), 15, pp. 3877-87
  18. Kaabeche, A., Ibtiouen, R., Techno-Economic Optimization of Hybrid Photovoltaic/Wind/Diesel/Battery Generation in a Stand-Alone Power System, Solar Energy, (2014), 103, pp. 171-82
  19. Maheri, A., Multi-Objective Design Optimisation of Standalone Hybrid Wind-PV-Diesel Systems Under Uncertainties, Renewable Energy, (2014), 66, pp. 650-661
  20. Adaramola, M.S. with et. al. Assessment of Decentralized Hybrid PV-Diesel Power System for Applications in Northern Part of Nigeria, Energy for Sustainable Development, (2014),19, pp. 72-82
  21. Asrari, A., with et. al., Economic Evaluation of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for Rural Electrification in Iran—A case study, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 5 (2012), 16, pp. 3123-30
  22. Fazelpour, F. with et. al., Feasibility of Satisfying Electrical Energy Needs with Hybrid Systems for a Medium-Size Hotel on Kish Island, Iran, Energy, (2014), 73, pp. 856-65
  23. Bekele, G., Palm, B., Feasibility study for a standalone solar-wind-based hybrid energy system for application in Ethiopia, Applied Energy, (2010), 87, pp. 487-95
  24. Lau, K.Y. with et al., Performance analysis of hybrid photovoltaic/diesel energy system under Malaysian condition, Energy, (2010), 35, pp. 3245-55
  25. ***, From Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia, Wind Power, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_power
  26. Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) Global wind statistics, Brussels, Belgium, 2014
  27. ***, Iranian Renewable Energy Organization (SUNA) Tehran, Iran, <www.suna.org.ir/fa/sun/potential
  28. ***, Iran Meteorological Organization, www.weather.ir
  29. Bakirci, K., Models of Solar Radiation With Hours of Bright Sunshine: A Review, Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., (2009), 13, pp. 2580-8
  30. Suehrcke, H., On the Relationship Between Duration of Sunshine and Solar Radiation on the Earth's Surface: Angstrom's Equation Revisited, Solar Energy, (2000), 68, pp. 417-25
  31. Cooper, P.I., The Absorption of Solar Radiation in Solar Stills, Solar Energy, (1969), 12, pp. 313-31
  32. Iqbal, M., An Introduction to Solar Radiation, Toronto, 1983
  33. Glover, J., McGulloch, J., The Empirical Relation Between Solar Radiation and Hours of Sunshine, Q J Royal Met Soc., (1958), 84, pp. 172-5
  34. Tymvios, F.S., with et. al., Comparative Study of Angstrom's and Artificial Neural Networks' Methodologies in Estimating Global Solar Radiation, Solar Energy, (2005), 78, pp. 752-62
  35. Aksoy, B., Estimated Monthly Average Global Radiation for Turkey and its Comparison with Observations, Renewable Energy, (1997), 10, pp. 625-33
  36. Tasdemiroglu, E., Sever, R., An Improved Correlation for Estimating Solar Radiation from Bright Sunshine Data for Turkey, Energy Conversion and Manage., (1991), 31, pp. 599-600
  37. Bahel, V. with et. al., A Correlation for Estimation of Global Solar Radiation, Energy, (1987), 12, pp. 1341-55
  38. Tahran, S., Sari, A., Model Selection for Global and Diffuse Radiation Over the Central Black Sea (CBS) Region of Turkey, Energy Conversion and Manage., (2005), 46, pp. 605-13
  39. Rensheng, C. with et. al., Validation of Five Global Radiation Models with Measured Daily Tada in China, Energy Conversion and Management, (2004), 45, pp. 1759-69
  40. Togrul, I.T., Togrul, H., Global Solar Radiation over Turkey: Comparison of Predicted and Measured Data, Renewable Energy, (2002), 25, pp. 55-67
  41. Guler, O., with et. al., Feasibility Analysis of Medium-Sized Hotel's Electrical Energy Consumption with Hybrid Systems, Sustainable Cities and Society, (2013), 9, pp. 15-22
  42. Fazelpour, F. with et. al., Economic Analysis of Standalone Hybrid Energy Systems for Application in Tehran, Iran, 6th International Conference On Hydrogen Production. Oshawa, Ontario, Canada, 2015.
  43. ***, Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran. 2015, www.cbi.ir/simplelist/1493.aspx
  44. ***, Iranian Management Fuel, 2015, In Persian, hamsu.ir/Portal/Home/

© 2017 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence