International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

online first only

Computational modelling in a high-rise building with different building envelope materials for sustainable living

This research focuses on identifying a sustainable material for building envelope for energy efficacy in naturally ventilated high-rise residential buildings through computational fluid dynamics. Convective heat transfer is observed in 3levels of the 14 storied high-rise naturally ventilated building using three different building envelope materials-burnt clay bricks, solid concrete block and hollow concrete block. To artificially create the environment with computational Fluid dynamics the different temperatures and velocities are used. The boundary conditions - initial outdoor temperatures 30°C and 23°C respectively were kept constant and the initial outdoor velocities 1m/s to 10m/s, were varied and simulated at 12 noon condition. Simulation results reveal, higher indoor temperatures in the roof exposed floor. At 30ºC it is observed that there is a 0.2ºC to 0.3ºC difference between the burnt clay brick wall and the hollow concrete block wall through the varied velocities. In all cases of air velocities, the air temperature in the indoor spaces of the solid concrete block wall was found to be highest. This proves that solid concrete block wall has the highest conductivity and least resistivity over the other two materials. In the hollow concrete block, the process of conduction slow and apparently the temperature in the indoor spaces is reduced. Thus, the results clearly indicate that the indoor spaces with the hollow block building envelope is comparatively low when compared to the other two building materials.
PAPER REVISED: 2023-09-10
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2023-10-04
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