International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

online first only

Investigation on the influence of the MWCNT, Al2O3 and CuO nano fluid in the ETSC

In this experimental work is based on the comparison on the three different nano particle mixed nano fluid usage influence on the evacuated tube solar collector (ETSC). The distilled water is initially tested to identify the better performance providing mass flow rate then the mass flow rate. There are three nano particles such as MWCNT, Alumina (Al2O3) and Copper oxide (CuO) were used in to create the nano fluid by two step method to use as a heat transfer fluid in the system. There are four different combinations of nano fluid were created based on the 0.05% of volume fraction of nano particles involvement. The corresponding performance parameters such as outlet temperature, maximum absorbed heat and thermal efficiency were measured and calculated. Among that 50% of MWCNT, 40% of Alumina and 10% of CuO nano particle mixer of 0.05% volume fraction used nano fluid reached the 38.76% higher temperature difference 33.02% more useful heat absorbed and 33.04% of more efficiency than distilled water in the system.
PAPER REVISED: 2023-08-25
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2023-10-03
  1. M I Omisanya, AK Hamzat, SA Adedayo, IA Adediran and TB Asafa, "Enhancing the thermal performance of solar collectors using nanofluids", IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng, (2020) 805 012015.
  2. M.A. Sharafeldin, Gyula Gr, "Efficiency of evacuated tube solar collector using WO3/Water nanofluid", Renewable Energy 134 (2019) 453e460.
  3. Mahmoud Ahmed Sharafeldin, Gyula Grof, Omid Mahian, "Experimental study on the performance of a flat-plate collector using WO3/Water nanofluids", Energy 141 (2017) 2436e2444.
  4. A.A. Hawwash, Ali K. Abdel Rahman, S.A. Nada, S. Ookawarac, "Numerical investigation and experimental verification of performance enhancement of flat plate solar collector using nanofluids", Appl. Therm. Eng. 130 (2018) 363e374.
  5. Asmaa Ahmed, Hasan Baig, Senthilarasu Sundaram, and Tapas K. Mallick, "Use of Nanofluids in Solar PV/Thermal Systems", International Journal of Photoenergy, Volume 2019, Article ID 8039129, 17 pages.
  6. O. Bait and M. Si-Ameur, "Enhanced heat and mass transfer in solar stills using nanofluids: a review," Solar Energy, 170 (2018), pp. 694-722.
  7. L. S. Sundar, M. K. Singh, and A. C. M. Sousa, "Enhanced heat transfer and friction factor of MWCNT-Fe3O4/water hybrid nanofluids," International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 52 (2014), pp. 73-83.
  8. A. Kamyar, R. Saidur, and M. Hasanuzzaman, "Application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for nanofluids," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 55, 15-16 (2012), pp. 4104-4115.
  9. O. Rejeb, M. Sardarabadi, C. Ménézo, M. Passandideh-Fard, M. H. Dhaou, and A. Jemni, "Numerical and model validation of uncovered nanofluid sheet and tube type photovoltaic thermal solar system," Energy Conversion and Management, 110 (2016), pp. 367-377.
  10. Y. Tong, J. Kim, and H. Cho, "Effects of thermal performance of enclosed-type evacuated U-tube solar collector with multiwalled carbon nanotube/water nanofluid," Renewable Energy, 83 (2015), pp. 463-473.
  11. S. K. Verma, A. K. Tiwari, S. Tiwari, and D. S. Chauhan, "Performance analysis of hybrid nanofluids in flat plate solar collector as an advanced working fluid," Solar Energy, 167 (2018), pp. 231-241.
  12. J. J. Michael and S. Iniyan, "Performance analysis of a copper sheet laminated photovoltaic thermal collector using copper oxide - water nanofluid," Solar Energy, 119 (2015), pp. 439-451.
  13. A. Menbari, A. A. Alemrajabi, and A. Rezaei, "Heat transfer analysis and the effect of CuO/water nanofluid on direct absorption concentrating solar collector," Applied Thermal Engineering, 104 (2016), pp. 176-183.
  14. S. Srivastava and K. S. Reddy, "Simulation studies of thermal and electrical performance of solar linear parabolic trough concentrating photovoltaic system," Solar Energy, 149 (2017), pp. 195-213,
  15. A. R. A. Hashim, A. Hussien, and A. H. Noman, "Indoor investigation for improving the hybrid photovoltaic/thermal system performance using nanofluid (AL2O3-water)," Engineering and Technology Journal, 33, 4 (2015), pp. 889-901.
  16. Muthukrishnan Sivaprakash, Krishnaswamy Haribabu, Thanikodi Sathish, Sundaresan Dinesh and Venkatraman Vijayan, Support vector machine for modelling and simulation of heat exchangers. Thermal Science, 24 (2020), pp. 499-503.
  17. Krishnaswamy Haribabu, Muthukrishnan Sivaprakash, Thanikodi Sathish, Arockiaraj Godwin Antony and Venkatraman Vijayan, Investigation of air conditioning temperature variation by modifying the structure of passenger car using computational fluid dynamics, Thermal Science, 24 (2020), pp. 495-498.
  18. Thanikodi Sathish, Singaravelu Dinesh Kumar, Devarajan Chandramohan, Devarajan Chandramohan, Venkatraman Vijayan and Rathinavelu Venkatesh, Teaching learning optimization and neural network for the effective prediction of heat transfer rates in tube heat exchangers, Thermal Science, 24 (2020), pp. 575-581.
  19. Perumal Sakthivel, Rajendrian Srinivasan, Venkatraman Vijayan, Sundaresan Dinesh and Pandiyan Lakshmanan, Experimental study about thermal resistance of windows with air gap between two glasses used in single houses, Thermal Science, 24 (2020), pp. 575-581.
  20. Paranthaman Saravanan, Dharmalingam Mala, Arockiaraj Godwin Antony and Venkatraman Vijayan, An experimental investigation on a low heat rejection diesel engine using waste plastic oil with different injection timing, Thermal Science, 24 (2020), pp. 453-461.