International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

online first only

CFD analysis of the effect of internal peak angle and mass flow rates on the thermal performance of solar air heater with triangle cross-section

A new design of Solar Air Heater (SAH) with triangle cross-section is numerically studied. The thermal performance of SAH is studied at various mass flow rates, inlet air temperatures and solar irradiation intensities. The CFD model is developed using the software "ANSYS Fluent" to study the fluid flow and heat transfer in the solar air heater. 3D discretization is applied to study the thermal performance of solar collector with triangle cross section. Mesh independence is performed in order to choose the adequate mesh. The discrete ordinate radiation model (DOM) and the RNG k-ε turbulence model are used to study the radiative heat transfer and the turbulent flow inside the SAH. Particularly, effects of different internal peak angles (145°,126°, 100°, 80° and 67.5°) under different solar irradiation intensities (from 620W/m^2 to 1081W/m^2) are studied to improve the thermal performance of the SAH. The results show a good agreement between the numerical model and the experimental data with an average error of 6%. The maximum outlet air temperature of the SAH reached 72°C for the geometries with 12 and 16 channels (Internal peak angles of 80° and 67.5°, respectively) under mass flow rate of 0.0264kg/s. The thermal performances of the SAH with 16 and 12 channels are 24.2% higher than standard geometry, respectively for solar irradiation intensity of 1081 W/m^2. The configuration with internal peak angle of 80° and 12 channels is selected as the optimal with a thermal efficiency of 79%, a low pressure drops compared to geometry with 16 channels and lower costs.
PAPER REVISED: 2022-12-20
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2022-12-26
  1. S. Hoseinzadeh, A. Sohani, S. Samiezadeh, H. Kariman, M.H. Ghasemi, Using computational fluid dynamics for different alternatives water flow path in a thermal photovoltaic (PVT) system, International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, 31 (2021) 1618-1637.
  2. R. Nasrin, M. Hasanuzzaman, N.A. Rahim, Effect of nanofluids on heat transfer and cooling system of the photovoltaic/thermal performance, International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, 29 (2019) 1920-1946.
  3. M.A. Ceviz, F. Afshari, B. Muratçobanoğlu, M. Ceylan, E. Manay, Computational fluid dynamics simulation and experimental investigation of a thermoelectric system for predicting influence of applied voltage and cooling water on cooling performance, International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, ahead-of-print (2022).
  4. G. Xie, S. Li, B. Sunden, W. Zhang, Computational fluid dynamics for thermal performance of a water-cooled minichannel heat sink with different chip arrangements, International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, 24 (2014) 797-810.
  5. A. Ergün, H. Eyinç, Performance assessment of novel photovoltaic thermal system using nanoparticle in phase change material, International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, 29 (2019) 1490-1505.
  6. S. Khanmohammadi, M. Zanjani, F. Veysi, Feasibility study of using solar energy as a renewable source in office buildings in different climatic regions, World Journal of Engineering, 16 (2019) 213-221.
  7. A. Riaz, C. Zhou, R. Liang, J. Zhang, Photovoltaic thermal building skin: effect of condensing and evaporating temperature on flow rate and heat transfer, International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, 31 (2021) 1816-1836.
  8. T. Koyuncu, Performance of various design of solar air heaters for crop drying applications, Renewable energy, 31 (2006) 1073-1088.
  9. S. Youcef-Ali, Study and optimization of the thermal performances of the offset rectangular plate fin absorber plates, with various glazing, Renewable Energy, 30 (2005) 271-280.
  10. W. Gao, W. Lin, T. Liu, C. Xia, Analytical and experimental studies on the thermal performance of cross-corrugated and flat-plate solar air heaters, Applied Energy, 84 (2007) 425-441.
  11. F. Ozgen, M. Esen, H. Esen, Experimental investigation of thermal performance of a double-flow solar air heater having aluminium cans, Renewable Energy, 34 (2009) 2391-2398.
  12. D. Alta, E. Bilgili, C. Ertekin, O. Yaldiz, Experimental investigation of three different solar air heaters: Energy and exergy analyses, Applied Energy, 87 (2010) 2953-2973.
  13. A. El-Sebaii, S. Aboul-Enein, M. Ramadan, S. Shalaby, B. Moharram, Investigation of thermal performance of-double pass-flat and v-corrugated plate solar air heaters, Energy, 36 (2011) 1076-1086.
  14. B. Bhushan, R. Singh, Thermal and thermohydraulic performance of roughened solar air heater having protruded absorber plate, Solar energy, 86 (2012) 3388-3396.
  15. A. Fudholi, K. Sopian, M.H. Ruslan, M.Y. Othman, Performance and cost benefits analysis of double-pass solar collector with and without fins, Energy conversion and management, 76 (2013) 8-19.
  16. S. Singh, B. Singh, V. Hans, R. Gill, CFD (computational fluid dynamics) investigation on Nusselt number and friction factor of solar air heater duct roughened with non-uniform cross-section transverse rib, Energy, 84 (2015) 509-517.
  17. A.M. Sahar, J. Wissink, M.M. Mahmoud, T.G. Karayiannis, M.S.A. Ishak, Effect of hydraulic diameter and aspect ratio on single phase flow and heat transfer in a rectangular microchannel, Applied Thermal Engineering, 115 (2017) 793-814.
  18. D. Lakshmi, A. Layek, P.M. Kumar, Performance analysis of trapezoidal corrugated solar air heater with sensible heat storage material, Energy Procedia, 109 (2017) 463-470.
  19. M.A. Amraoui, K. Aliane, Three-dimensional analysis of air flow in a flat plate solar collector, Periodica polytechnica mechanical engineering, 62 (2018) 126-135.
  20. W. Fan, X. Dong, H. Wei, B. Weng, L. Liang, Z. Xu, X. Wang, F. Wu, Z. Chen, Y. Jin, Is it true that the longer the extended industrial chain, the better the circular agriculture? A case study of circular agriculture industry company in Fuqing, Fujian, Journal of Cleaner Production, 189 (2018) 718-728.
  21. A. Heydari, M. Mesgarpour, Experimental analysis and numerical modeling of solar air heater with helical flow path, Solar Energy, 162 (2018) 278-288.
  22. D. Singh, Exergo-economic, enviro-economic and productivity analyses of N identical evacuated tubular collectors integrated double slope solar still, Applied Thermal Engineering, 148 (2019) 96-104.
  23. C.A. Komolafe, I.O. Oluwaleye, O. Awogbemi, C.O. Osueke, Experimental investigation and thermal analysis of solar air heater having rectangular rib roughness on the absorber plate, Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 14 (2019) 100442.
  24. M. Sajawal, T.-u. Rehman, H.M. Ali, U. Sajjad, A. Raza, M.S. Bhatti, Experimental thermal performance analysis of finned tube-phase change material based double pass solar air heater, Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 15 (2019) 100543.
  25. C.-E. Bensaci, A. Moummi, F.J.S. de la Flor, E.A.R. Jara, A. Rincon-Casado, A. Ruiz-Pardo, Numerical and experimental study of the heat transfer and hydraulic performance of solar air heaters with different baffle positions, Renewable Energy, 155 (2020) 1231-1244.
  26. S. Zheng, M. Wei, P. Song, C. Hu, R. Tian, Thermodynamics and flow unsteadiness analysis of trans-critical CO2 in a scroll compressor for mobile heat pump air-conditioning system, Applied Thermal Engineering, 175 (2020) 115368.
  27. A.D. Tuncer, A. Khanlari, A. Sözen, E.Y. Gürbüz, C. Şirin, A. Gungor, Energy-exergy and enviro-economic survey of solar air heaters with various air channel modifications, Renewable Energy, 160 (2020) 67-85.
  28. Ali M. Rasham, Basim. A. R. Al-Bakri, Thermal performance of double-pass counter flow and double-parallel flow solar air heater with V-grooved absorber plate, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 13 (2021) 1076.
  29. M. MesgarPour, A. Heydari, S. Wongwises, Geometry optimization of double pass solar air heater with helical flow path, Solar Energy, 213 (2021) 67-80.
  30. N. Yagnesh Sharma, N. Madhwesh, K. Vasudeva Karanth, The effect of flow obstacles of different shapes for generating turbulent flow for improved performance of the solar air heater, Procedia Manufacturing, 35 (2019) 1096-1101.
  31. Hamdy Hassan, Saleh Abo-Elfad, M.F. El-Dosoky, An Experimental Investigation of the Performance of New Design of Solar Air heater (Tubular), Renewable Energy, 37 (2019) 12660.
  32. S. Singh a, S. Kumar Chaurasiya, B. Singh Negi, S Chander, M. Nem, S. Negi, Utilizing circular jet impingement to enhance thermal performance of solar air heater, Renewable Energy, 154 (2020) 1327-1345.
  33. H. Benli, Experimentally derived efficiency and exergy analysis of a new solar air heater having different surface shapes, Renew. Energy. 50 (2013) 58-67.
  34. S. Debnath, J. Reddy, Jagadish, B. Das, An expert system-based modeling and optimization of corrugated plate solar air collector for North Eastern India, J. Brazilian Soc. Mech. Sci. Eng. 41 (2019) 1-18.
  35. F. Aissaoui, A.H. Benmachiche, A. Brima, D. Bahloul, Y. Belloufi, Experimental and theoretical analysis on thermal performance of the flat plate solar air collector, Int. J. Heat Technol. 34 (2016) 213-220.