International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

Authors of this Paper

External Links

online first only

Reduction of evaporation losses in oil and oil derivatives storage tanks: A case study for warehouse in Požega (Serbia)

One of the biggest problems related to mandatory tanks of oil and oil derivatives are evaporative losses in the tanks. It is well known that the storage, manipulation and transport of oil and oil derivatives results in the evaporation of the liquid. In the case of tanks where commodity reserves are stored for a long period of time, the most pronounced problems are "breathing" losses and degradation of the quality of petroleum products. Many of these volatile organic compounds also have a strong negative impact that is harmful to human health and the environment. The aim of this research is to improve system in order to reduce evaporative losses in the tanks which are used for mandatory reserves of oil and oil derivative in warehouse in location near Požega in Serbia as well as to reduce the harmful impact on the environment with the proposed improvement measures.
PAPER REVISED: 2022-10-27
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2022-11-02
  1. M. Mihajlović, A. Veljašević, J. Jovanović, M. Jovanović, Estimation of evaporative losses during storage of crude oil and petroleum products, Hemijska industrija, 67 (1) (2013), pp. 165-174
  2. Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards, Chapter 19 - Evaporative Loss Measurement, Section 1 - Evaporative Loss from Fixed-Roof Tanks, 3rd edition, American Petroleum Institute (API), March 2002
  3. The professional software Meteonorm V8.03
  4. Meteorological yearbook 1 - Climatologically data, issued by the Republic of Serbia Hydro meteorological Institute, from 2006 to 2017
  5. Compilation Of Air Pollutant Emission Factors, US EPA, 2006
  6. M.Babić, D. Babić, I. Batić, N. Ristović, Expert study for the reduction of evaporative losses in tanks in the areas related to mandatory reserves of oil and oil derivatives, Belgrade, August 2022
  7. The professional software program Tanks 409d
  8. The professional software package PVsyst V6.78 - PREMIUM
  9. A. Mawire, Experimental and simulated thermal stratification evaluation of an oil storage tank subjected to heat losses during charging, Applied Energy, Volume 108, August 2013, pp. 459-465
  10. S. Saikomol, S. Thepanondh, W. Laowagul, Emission losses and dispersion of volatile organic compounds from tank farm of petroleum refinery complex, Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering volume 17, (2019), pages 561-570
  11. J.R. Beckman, J.R. Gllmer, Model for predicting emissions from fixed-roof storage tanks, Ind. Eng. Chem.Process Des. Dev. 20 (1981) 646-651
  12. W. Huang, J. Bai, S. Zhao, A. Lv, Investigation of oil vapor emission and its evaluation methods, J. Loss Prev. Process Ind. 24 (2011) 178-186
  13. R. Rota, S. Frattini, S. Astori, R. Paludetto, Emissions from fixed-roof storage tanks: modeling and experiments, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 40 (2001) 5847-5857