International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

online first only

Experimental analysis of the fixed flat-plate solar collector with Sn-Al2O3 selective absorber and gravity water flow

To improve solar collector (SC) efficiency, a variety of designs and materials have been introduced into production practice. Studies describing SC specifics, therefore, are particularly valuable to the scientific community as they contribute to the overall body of knowledge and constant improvement the in the scientific field. In that regard, the study presented in this paper analyses the thermal performance of the fixed flat-plate collector (fFPSC) with an Sn-Al2O3 selective absorber. The fFPSC design utilizes gravity water flow in an open loop system. A two-month study was conducted to perform the analysis. The experiment was based on measurements of water flow in the fFPSC, the water temperature at the fFPSC inlet and outlet, and solar radiation intensity on a horizontal surface. Results for three randomly selected measurement days have shown that fFPSC can achieve relatively satisfactory values for average daily specific heat power, thermal efficiency, and inlet-outlet water temperature gradient, respectively: June 29 (381.78 W/m2, 60.67%, and 9.06 °C), June 30 (364.33 W/m2, 59.43%, and 7.46 °C), and July 15 (373.06 W/m2, 59.85%, and 8.69 °C). Apart from the relatively good measurement results, this type of SC does not require circulating pumps for operation, which brings a double advantage: energy saving and energy production.
PAPER REVISED: 2022-10-10
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2022-10-17
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