International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links


Study purpose is to determine the interactions between the widely-used graphene and nanoclay on carbon fiber composite materials. They are produced using the vacuum infusion method by reinforcing the nanoclay and graphene, which have a montmorillonite structure organized at various ratios via homogenizer, into the resin that is to be applied to carbon fiber layers. Eczacıbaşı EsanNANO 1-140 was used as nanoclay, and GRAFEN NG5 of the Nanografi Co. Ltd. was used as graphene. The graphene ratio was kept constant by taking reference from antecedent studies. Tensile test was applied to the produced samples. Graphene in the resin is expected to increase the saturation in the layers and improve mechanical properties. After nanoclay ratio exceeds a certain limit, it acts negatively rather than positively in the tensile test, their cracked roads are then rendered easier to traverse by them combining. This is why there is a certain bell-shaped curve in the strain values measured in samples. The result that gives the optimum values is sought after. Additionally, there are studies previously conducted with polymer matrix composite, from which samples that could reach to certain strains or to higher yield stress values in certain intervals are obtained. By increasing the strength and toughness of the graphene and nanoclay resin, they gain more rigidity, which raises an expectation of increment to be observed in the yield and tensile strengths.
PAPER REVISED: 2023-01-23
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2023-04-12
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2023, VOLUME 27, ISSUE Issue 4, PAGES [3291 - 3297]
  1. Froes, F. H., Advances in Synthesis, Processing and Applications of Lightweight Metallic Materials, Key Engineering Materials, 230-232 (2002), Oct., pp. 3-16
  2. Mallick, P. K., Aircraft and Military Applications Fiber Reinforced Composites: Materials, Manufacturing, and Design, Marcel Dekker, New York, USA, 1993, Vol. 2
  3. Huda, Z., Edi, P., Materials Selection in Design of Structures and Engines of Supersonic Aircrafts, Materials and Design, 46 (2013), Apr., pp. 552-560
  4. Witten, E., et al., Composites Market Report, European Composites Industry Association, (ECIA), 2015,
  5. Loughlan, J., et al., Buckling Control Using Embedded Shape Memory Actuators and the Utilisation of Smart Technology in Future Aerospace Platforms, Composite Structures, 58 (2002), 3, pp. 319-347
  6. Soutis, C., Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics in Aircraft Construction, Materials Science and Engineering, 412 (2005), 1-2, pp. 171-176
  7. Misra, A. K., Greenbauer-Seng, L. A., Aerospace Proupulsion and Power Materials and Structures Research, Journal of Aerospace Engineering, 26 (2013), 2, pp. 459-490
  8. Zhang, H., et al., Electrochemical Behavior of Modified Electrodes with Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibers: Application to the Sensitive Measurement of Uric Acid in the Presence of Ascorbic Acid, Measurement, 59 (2015), Jan., pp. 177-183
  9. Zhao, B., et al., Resistance Measurement of Isolated Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes, Measurement, 45 (2012), 5, pp. 1297-1300
  10. Shah, A. H., Rizvi, T. Z., Improvement in Electrical and Thermal Behavior of Polystyrene/Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Nanocomposites, Measurement, 46 (2013), 4, pp. 1541-1550
  11. Hudisteanu, I., et al., Comparative Analysis of the Engineering Constants of Composite Laminates, Revista Romana De Materiale-Romanian Journal of Materials, 46 (2016), 2, pp. 232-241
  12. Iqbal, K., et al., Impact Damage Resistance of CFRP with Nanoclay filled Epoxy Matrix, Composite Science and Technology, 69 (2009), 11-12, pp. 1949-1957
  13. Singh, S., et al., Strength Degradation of Mechanical Properties of Undirectional E-Glass Fiber Epoxy Resin Nanoclay Composites under Hygrothermal Loading Conditions, Procedia Material Science, 5 (2014), pp. 1114-1119
  14. Shishevan, F., et al., Reçinesine Grafen ve Karbon Nanotüp Eklenmesinin Karbon Elyaf Takviyeli Kompozitlerin Mekanik Özellikleri ve Darbe Davranışları Üzerindeki Etkileri, Mühendislikte Yeni Teknolojiler, Bayburt, (2015)
  15. Hexion. (2014, 10 21). Technical Information Epoxy and Phenolic Resins Division. Metyx:
  16. Esan, E., Eczacıbaşı esanNANO 1-140, (2014, 10 23).
  17. Mgs. (2014, 10 21). MGS Laminasyon Epoksi Sertleştirici H160.
  18. Tenax. (2014, 10 21). Tohotenax:

© 2024 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence