International Scientific Journal


To improve solar collector efficiency, a variety of designs and materials have been introduced into production practice. Studies describing solar collector specifics, therefore, are particularly valuable to the scientific community as they contribute to the overall body of knowledge and constant improvement the in the scientific field. In that regard, the study presented in this paper analyses the thermal performance of the fixed flat-plate collector with an Sn-Al2O3 selective absorber. The fixed flat-plate collector design utilizes gravity water flow in an open loop system. A two-month study was conducted to perform the analysis. The experiment was based on measurements of water flow in the fixed flat-plate col-lector, the water temperature at the fixed flat-plate collector inlet and outlet, and solar radiation intensity on a horizontal surface. Results for three randomly selected measurement days have shown that fixed flat-plate collector can achieve relatively satisfactory values for average daily specific heat power, thermal efficiency, and inlet-outlet water temperature gradient, respectively: June 29 (381.78 W/m2, 60.67%, and 9.06°C), June 30 (364.33 W/m2, 59.43%, and 7.46°C), and July 15 (373.06 W/m2, 59.85%, and 8.69°C). Apart from the relatively good measurement results, this type of solar collector does not require circulating pumps for operation, which brings a double advantage: energy saving and energy production.
PAPER REVISED: 2022-10-10
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2022-10-17
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THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2023, VOLUME 27, ISSUE Issue 1, PAGES [349 - 358]
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© 2024 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence