International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links


In this paper, a novel thermal absorber based photovoltaic-thermal system is presented. The thermal absorber is attached at the rear surface of photovoltaic, and water is re-circulated to extract heat. The outdoor experimentations are performed at Pune, India (18.7611° N, 73.5572°) on clear sky day, and water temperatures, surface temperature, radiation and flow rate are measured to analyse techno-economical performance at different operating conditions. The surface temperature of the photovoltaic module plummeted from 54.65°C to 47.9°C with the incorporation of a thermal absorber with flipside water cooling at a ranging flow rate of 0.03 to 0.06 kg per seconds. The result shows an average enhancement of 4.2 % in the electrical power output of the photovoltaic-thermal system. The maximum thermal and electrical efficiencies were 47.82 % and 9.88 %, respectively, at 0.06 kg per seconds. The exergy efficiency was found in the range of 9.85-14.30%. Based on the experimental evaluation, uncertainty analysis was performed. The results revealed that the annual CO2 mitigation for photovoltaic and photovoltaic-thermal system was 225.46 kg annual and 464.8 kg annual, while simple payback periods were 4.53 years 3.03 years, respectively. The analysis offers an efficient estimate of experimental features of photovoltaic and photovoltaic-thermal systems from an energy-exergy, environmental and cost-benefit standpoint.
PAPER REVISED: 2021-10-11
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2021-12-20
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2022, VOLUME 26, ISSUE Issue 5, PAGES [4233 - 4247]
  1. Iram R., Anser MK., Awan R., Ali A., Abbas Q. and Chaudhry I., Prioritization of Renewable Solar Energy to Prevent Energy Insecurity: An Integrated Role, The Singapore Economic Review, 66 (2021), 2, pp. 391-412
  2. Bojek P., Bahar H., Report, Solar PV, International Energy Agency, Paris, 2021
  3. Singh P., Ravindra N M, The temperature dependence of solar cell performance an analysis, Solar Energy Material & Solar Cells 101(2012),pp.36-45
  4. Satpute J.B., & Rajan A.J., Recent advancement in cooling technologies of solar Photovoltaic (PV) system, FME Transactions, 46 (2018), 4, pp. 575-584 DOI:10.5937/FMET1804575S
  5. Das D., Kalita P., Roy O., Flat plate hybrid photovoltaic- thermal (PV/T) system: A review on design and development, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 84 (2018), pp. 111-130 DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2018.01.002
  6. Ozbas E., Selimli S., Ozkaymak M., Frej A., Evaluation of internal structure modifications effect of two-phase closed thermosyphon on performance: An experimental study, Solar Energy, 224 (2021), pp. 1326-1332
  7. Singh I., Khanna B., Sood S. and Vardhan S., A Review On Solar Energy Collection For Thermal Applications, International Journal of Advance and Innovative Research, 6 (2019), pp. 252-259
  8. Selimli S, Recebli Z, Ulker S, Solar Vacuum Tube Integrated Seawater Distillation - An Experimental Study, Facta Universitatis Series: Mechanical Engineering, 14 (2016), 1, pp. 113 - 120 DOI: 10.22190/FUME1601113S
  9. Modrek M. and Alili A., Thermal and electrical performance of a flat plate photovoltaic/thermal collector, Proceedings of the ASME 2017 11th International Conference on Energy Sustainability ES2017, USA, 2017
  10. Su D., Jia Y., Huang X., Alva G., Tang Y., Fang G., Dynamic performance analysis of photovoltaic-thermal solar collector with dual channels for different fluids, Energy Conservation and Management, 120 (2016), pp 13-24
  11. Tarabsheh A., Etier I., Fath H., Ghazal A., Morci Y., Asad M., Haj A E., Performance of photovoltaic cells in photovoltaic thermal (PVT) modules, IET Renewable Power Generation, 10 (2016), 7, pp 1017 - 1023
  12. Dumrul H., Yılmaz S., Kaya M., Ceylan, İ., Energy Analysis of Concentrated Photovoltaic/Thermal Panels with Nanofluids, International Journal of Thermodynamics 24 (2021 ), pp. 227-236
  13. Zhou J., Zhao X., Yuan Y., Fan Y., Li J., Mathematical and experimental evaluation of a mini-channel PV/T and thermal panel in summer mode, Solar Energy, 224 (2021), pp. 401-410
  14. Selimli S, Dumrul H., Yilmaz S, Akman O., Experimental and numerical analysis of energy and exergy performance of photovoltaic thermal water collectors, Solar Energy, 228(2021),1, pp.1-11
  15. Arslan E., Aktaş M., Can O., Experimental and numerical investigation of a novel photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) collector with the energy and exergy analysis, Journal of Cleaner Production, 276 (2020), 123255
  16. Zuhu S., Ceylan I., Energy, Exergy and Enviroeconomic (3E) analysis of concentrated PV and thermal system in the winter application, Energy Reports, 5 (2019), pp. 262-270
  17. Öztürk M., Çalişir O., Genç G., Energy, exergy and economic (3E) evaluation of the photovoltaic/thermal collector-assisted heat pump domestic water heating system for different climatic regions in Turkey. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 145 (2021), 3, pp.1431-1443 DOI: 10.1007/s10973-021-10675-9
  18. Arslan E. and Aktas M, 4E analysis of infrared convective dryer powered solar photovoltaic thermal collector, Solar Energy 208(2020),pp.46-57
  19. Guarracino I., Mellor A., Ekins-Daukes NJ, Markides C. N., Dynamic coupled thermal, electrical modelling of sheet and tube hybrid photovoltaic thermal collectors, Applied Thermal Engineering, 101 (2016), pp 778-795
  20. Kasaeian, A., Khanjari Y.,Golzari S.,Mahian O.,Wongwises S., Effects of forced convection on the performance of a photovoltaic thermal system: An experimental study, Expt Thermal and Fluid Science 85 (2017),pp.13-21
  21. Kazemian A., Taheri A., Sardarabadi A., Ma T., Fard M., Peng J., Energy, exergy and environmental analysis of glazed and unglazed PVT system integrated with phase change material: An experimental approach, Solar Energy 201 (2020), pp. 178-189
  22. Hossain M., Pandey A., Selvaraj J., Rahim N., Islam M, Tyagi V,Two side serpentine flow-based photovoltaic-thermal-phase change materials system Energy, exergy and economic analysis, Ren Energy ,136(2019), pp.1320-1336
  23. Lenand T., Anthony J., Engineering Economy, Fourth Edition, McGraw-Hill Companies. New Delhi, 1998.
  24. Kline S., McClintock F., Describing Uncertainties in Single Sample Experiments, Mechanical Engineering, 75 (1953), pp 3-8.
  25. Tripathi A., Murthy S., Mangalpandy A., Performance analysis of PV panel under varying surface temperature, MATEC Web of Conferences, 144 (2018), 4, pp 1-8
  26. Dubey S., Tiwari G., Thermal modelling of a combined system of photovoltaic thermal solar water heater, Solar Energy 82 (2008), pp 602-612
  27. Alomar O., Ali O., Energy and exergy analysis of the hybrid photovoltaic thermal solar system under the climatic condition of North Iraq, Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 28 (2021), pp 1-12
  28. Fudholi A, Ibrahim A., Othman M., Hafidz M., Ruslan, Kamez H., Zaharim A., Sopian K , Energy and Exergy Analyses on Water based Photovoltaic Thermal (PVT) Collector with Spiral Flow Absorber, Recent Advances in Energy, Environment and Geology, Antalya, (2014), pp. 70-74.
  29. Qingyang J., Jichun Y., Yanying Z. and Huide F., Energy and exergy analyses of PV, solar thermal and photovoltaic/thermal systems: a comparison study, International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies 16 ( 2021), pp. 604-611
  30. Poredoš P., Tomc U., Petelin N., Vidrih B., Flisar U., Kitanovski A., Numerical and experimental investigation of the energy and exergy performance of solar thermal, photovoltaic and photovoltaic-thermal modules based on roll-bond heat exchangers, Energy Conversion and Management, 210 (2020), pp. 1-21

© 2023 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence