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To increase the efficiency, elliptical tubes are often used in cross-flow heat exchangers. For these kinds of heat exchangers the flow field in the tubes exhibits irregularities. Therefore, various flow regimes can be observed: the turbulent, the transitional, and even the laminar one. Therefore, applying typical turbulence models for numerical calculations may cause significant errors, when flow in the heat exchanger tubes is in the transitional or laminar regime. Hence, the average values of flow velocities and temperature in heat exchanger tubes can be calculated incorrectly. The paper presents empirical verification of applying the basic two-equation turbulence models for a transitional flow of water in an elliptical pipe of a heat exchanger.
PAPER REVISED: 2018-12-28
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2019-01-24
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THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2019, VOLUME 23, ISSUE Supplement 4, PAGES [S1113 - S1121]
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