International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links


Increasing demands for the reduction of exhaust emissions and the pursuit to re-duce the use of fossil fuels require the search for new fuelling technologies in combustion engines. One of the most promising technologies is the multi-fuel compression ignition engine concept, in which a small dose of liquid fuel injected directly into the cylinder acts as the ignition inhibitor of the gaseous fuel. Achieving the optimum combustion process in such an engine requires the application of advanced control algorithms which require mathematical modelling support. In response to the growing demand for new simulation tools, a 0-D model of a dual-fuel engine was proposed and validated. The validation was performed in a broad range of engine operating points, including various speeds and load condition, as well as different natural gas/diesel blend ratios. It was demonstrated that the average model calculation error within the entire cycle did not exceed 6.2%, and was comparable to the measurement results cycle to cycle variations. The maximum model calculation error in a single point of a cycle was 15% for one of the complex (multipoint injection) cases. In other cases, it did not exceed 11%.
PAPER REVISED: 2016-03-15
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-03-28
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2017, VOLUME 21, ISSUE Issue 1, PAGES [387 - 399]
  1. Liu, J., et al., Effects of pilot fuel quantity on the emissions characteristics of a CNG/diesel dual fuel engine with optimized pilot injection timing. Applied Energy, 110 (2013), pp. 201-206. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.03.024
  2. Papagiannakis, R.G., et al., Theoretical study of the effects of pilot fuel quantity and its injection timing on the performance and emissions of a dual fuel diesel engine. Energy Conversion and Management, 48 (2007), 11, pp. 2951-2961. DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2007.07.003
  3. Stelmasiak Z., Uniformity of Diesel oil dosage in dual fuel engines. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc - Maintenance and Reliability, 16 (2014), 3, pp. 491-495
  4. Ryu, K., Effects of pilot injection timing on the combustion and emissions characteristics in a diesel engine using biodiesel-CNG dual fuel. Applied Energy, 111 (2013), pp. 721-730. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.05.046
  5. Kakaee, A.H., et al., The influence of fuel composition on the combustion and emission characteristics of natural gas fueled engines. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 38 (2014), pp. 64-78. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.05.080
  6. Sahoo, B.B., et al., Effect of engine parameters and type of gaseous fuel on the performance of dual-fuel gas diesel engines - A critical review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13 (2009), 6-7, pp. 1151-1184. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2008.08.003
  7. Tutak, W., Jamrozik, A., Generator gas as a fuel to power a diesel engine. Thermal Science, 18 (2014), 1, pp. 205-21. DOI: 10.2298/TSCI130228063
  8. Saito, H., et al., Study on the lean burn gas engine ignited by pilot fuel injection (part 4). Annual Technical Report Digest, 10, 1999
  9. Zhang, J., et al., Effects of intake air temperature on homogenous charge compression ignition combustion and emissions with gasoline and n-heptan. Thermal Science, 19 (2015), 6, pp. 1897-1906. DOI: 10.2298/TSCI140524174
  10. Mikulski, M., et al., Effect of CNG in a fuel dose on compression-ignition engine's combustion process. Transport, 30 (2015), 2, pp. 162-171. DOI: 10.3846/16484142.2015.1045938
  11. Stelmasiak, Z., Limitations of enrichment of gaseous mixture in dual fuel engines. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc - Maintenance and Reliability, 16 (2014), 4, pp. 537-544
  12. Nieman, D., et al., Heavy-duty RCCI operation using natural gas and diesel. SAE Int. J. Engines, 5 (2012), 2, pp. 270-285. DOI: 10.4271/2012-01-0379
  13. Puduppakkam, K., et al., Use of detailed kinetics and advanced chemistry-solution techniques in cfd to investigate dual-fuel engine concepts. SAE Int. J. Engines, 4 (2011), 1, pp. 1127-1149. DOI:10.4271/2011-01-0895
  14. Egüz, U., et al., Predicting auto-ignition characteristics of RCCI combustion using a multi-zone model. International Journal of Automotive Technology, 14 (2013), 5, pp. 693-699. DOI:10.1007/s12239−013−0075−2
  15. Egüz, U., et al., Premixed charge compression ignition combustion modelling with a multi-zone approach including inter-zonal mixing. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 227 (2013), 9, pp. 1313-1324. DOI:10.1177/0954407012474193
  16. Eichmeier, J., et al., A zero-dimensional phenomenological model for RCCI combustion using reaction kinetics. SAE Int. J. Engines, 7 (2014), 1, pp. 106-119, 2014. DOI: 10.4271/2014-01-1074
  17. Doosje, E., et al., Experimental demonstration of RCCI in Heavy-Duty engines using Diesel and Natural Gas. SAE Technical Paper, 2014-01-1318; doi:10.4271/2014-01-1318.
  18. Bekdemir C., at al. Towards control-oriented modeling of natural Gas-Diesel RCCI Combustion. SAE Technical Paper, 2015-01-1745; doi: 10.4271/2015-01-1745.
  19. Stelmasiak, Z., Study the combustion process in dual fuel compression ignition engine fueled with natural gas and diesel (in Polish). Wydawnictwo Akademii Techniczno-Humanistycznej, Bielsko- Biala, Poland, 2003
  20. Roy, S., et al., Development of an ANN based system identification tool to estimate the performance-emission characteristics of a CRDI assisted CNG dual fuel diesel engine. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 21 (2014), pp. 147-158. DOI: 10.1016/j.jngse.2014.08.002
  21. Yusaf, T.F., et al., CNG-diesel engine performance and exhaust emission analysis with the aid of artificial neural network. Applied Energy, 87 (2010), 5, pp. 1661-1669. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.10.009
  22. Roy, S., et al., Development and validation of a GEP model to predict the performance and exhaust emission parameters of a CRDI assisted single cylinder diesel engine coupled with EGR. Applied Energy, 140 (2015), pp. 52-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.11.065
  23. d'Ambrosio, S., et al., A control-oriented real-time semi-empirical model for the prediction of NOx emissions in diesel engines. Applied Energy, 130 (2014), pp. 265-279. DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.05.046
  24. Mikulski, M., et al., The multi-phase, zero-dimensional, computational model of a multi-fuel CI engine fueled with gaseous fuel with divided injection of liquid fuel. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc - Maintenance and Reliability, 17 (2015), 1, pp. 42-48. DOI: 10.17531/ein.2015.1.6
  25. Carlucci, P., et al., Effects of pilot injection parameters on combustion for common rail diesel engines. SAE Technical Paper, (2003), 2003-01-0700. DOI: 10.4271/2003-01-0700
  26. Kuti, O.A., et al., Characterization of spray and combustion processes of biodiesel fuel injected by diesel engine Common Rail system. Fuel, 104 (2013), pp. 838-846. DOI:10.1016/j.fuel.2012.05.014
  27. Mikulski, M., et al., Numerical studies on controlling gaseous fuel combustion by managing the combustion process of diesel pilot dose in a dual-fuel engine. Chemical and Process Engineering - Inzynieria Chemiczna i Procesowa, 36 (2015), 2, pp. 225-238. DOI: 10.1515/cpe-2015-0015
  28. Assanis, D.N., et al., A predictive ignition delay correlation under steady-state and transient operation of a direct injection diesel engine. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125 (2003), 2. pp. 50-57. DOI: 10.1115/1.1563238
  29. Mikulski, M., et al., Verification of a 2-phase, zero-dimensional model of a multifuel compressionignition engine in single fuel operation. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 817 (2016), pp. 47-56. DOI: 10.4028/
  30. Westbrook, C.K., Dryer, F.L., Chemical kinetic modeling of hydrocarbon combustion. Prog. Energy Comb. Sci. 10 (1984), 1, pp. 1-57. DOI: 10.1016/0360-1285(84)90118-7

© 2024 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence