International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links


The objective of the present article is to present an experimental facility which was designed and built at the Faculty of Technical Sciences in order to study the combustion of different sorts of biomass and municipal solid waste. Despite its apparent simplicity, direct combustion is a complex process from a technological point of view. Conventional combustion equipment is not designed for burning agricultural residues. Devices for agricultural waste combustion are still in the development phase, which means that adequate design solution is presently not available at the world market. In order to construct a boiler and achieve optimal combustion conditions, it is necessary to develop a mathematical model for biomass combustion. Experimental facility can be used for the collection of data necessary for detailed modelling of real grate combustor of solid biomass fuels. Due to the complexity of the grate combustion process, its mathematical models and simulation software tools must be developed and verified using experimental data. This work highlights the properties required for the laboratory facility designed for the examination of biomass combustion and discusses design and operational issues.
PAPER REVISED: 2014-10-27
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2014-11-03
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2015, VOLUME 19, ISSUE Issue 1, PAGES [341 - 350]
  1. Rogaume, T., et al., The Effects of Different Airflows on the Formation of Pollutants During Waste Incineration, Fuel 81 (2002) pp.2277-2288.
  2. Swithenbank, J., Future Integrated Waste, Energy and Pollution Management (WEP) Systems Exploit Pyrotechnology, 2nd International Symposium on Incineration & Flue Gas Treatment Technologies, Sheffield University, UK, 1999.
  3. Jorgensen, K., Madsen, H., Modern control systems for MSW plants, 2nd International Symposium on Incineration & Flue Gas Treatment Technologies, Sheffield University, UK, 1999.
  4. Yang, Y.B., et al., Mathematical modeling of MSW incineration on a travelling bed, Waste Management 22 (2002) pp.369-380.
  5. Yang, Y.B., et al., Modeling waste combustion in grate furnaces, Process Safety and Environmental Protection 82 (2004) pp.208-222.
  6. Khor, A., et al., Straw combustion in a fixed bed combustor, Fuel 86 (2007) pp.152-160.
  7. Gort, R., On the propagation of a reaction front in a packed bed: thermal conversion of municipal waste and biomass, Ph.D. thesis, University of Twente, Nederland, 1995.
  8. Rönnbäck, M., Combustion processes in a biomass fuel bed-experimental results, Progress in thermochemical biomass conversion, Tyrol, Austria 2000.
  9. Saastamoinen, J.J., et al., Propagation of the ignition front in beds of wood particles, Combustion and Flame 123 (2000) pp.214-226.
  10. Ryu, C., et al., Ignition and burning rates of segregated waste combustion in packed beds, Waste Management 27 (2007) pp.802-810.
  11. Yin, C., et al., Mathematical modeling and experimental study of biomass combustion in a thermal 108 MW grate-fired boiler, Energy & Fuels 22 (2008) pp.1380-1390.
  12. Miljković, B., et al., Mathematical modelling of straw combustion in a moving bed combustor: A two dimensional approach, Fuel 104(2012), pp. 351-364.

© 2022 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence