International Scientific Journal


As an efficient and energy conservation technology, heat pumps working with R22, which are scheduled to be phased out by Montreal Protocol, are widely used in China at present. The global deteriorating ecology environment would accelerate the phase-out time of R22 in developing countries. Therefore, as a matter of urgency, an eco-friendly substitute should be investigated in order to replace R22. Under this context, and with a consideration of the environmental protection, R744/R161 mixture refrigerant is proposed. R744/R161 mixture refrigerant’s condensation pressure is reduced and its flammability and explosivity are suppressed. A thermodynamic model is developed, and under the given working conditions, the performances of subcritical heat pump system using R744/R161 mixture of variable mass fraction are discussed and compared with those of the R22 system. The optimal mass fraction of R744/R161 is given, which corresponds to a maximal heating coefficient of performance. The simulation results show that R744/R161 mixture can work as a competitive alternative to R22 in heat pump system.
PAPER REVISED: 2014-03-18
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2014-07-13
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THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2014, VOLUME 18, ISSUE Issue 5, PAGES [1673 - 1677]
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