International Scientific Journal


The aim of this paper is to analyze and explore the most suitable energy policy instruments for energy efficiency improvement in Serbia. The analysis has been carried out with a focus on energy indicators for Serbia and EU27. It encompasses a period of twenty-two years and is directed towards the consideration of amendments that need to be made in the National Energy Efficiency Policy. Despite constant attempts to improve and increase energy efficiency and to expand utilization of renewable energy sources, it seems that accomplished results are still very modest. The comparative analysis of the situation in the area of energy efficiency in Serbia and in the EU takes into consideration deficiencies in the energy policy in Serbia and proposed measures for overcoming them. The Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis method is used for analyzing the extent of key influences on success in the implementation of energy efficiency policy in Serbia and also for the interpretation of results. The analysis shows that identified energy policy instruments are such that the success in their implementation will depend on a reformed institutional approach. This method can be applied in any other country.
PAPER REVISED: 2014-02-17
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2014-02-22
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2014, VOLUME 18, ISSUE Issue 3, PAGES [683 - 694]
  1. Morvaj, Z., Bukarica, V., Immediate Challenge of Combating Climate Change: Effective Implementation of Energy Efficiency Policies, 21st World Energy Congress, Montreal, Canada, 2010
  2. Gvozdenac, D. D., Simi}, T. S., About the Serbian Energy Efficiency Problems, Thermal Science, 16 (2012), Suppl. 1, pp. 1-15
  3. Lund, P. D., The Link between Political Decision-Making and Energy Options: Assessing Future Role of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Finland, Energy, 32 (2007), 12, pp. 2271-2281
  4. Beretta, G. P., World Energy Consumption and Resources: an Outlook for the Rest of the Century, Int. J. Environmental Technology and Management, 7 (2007), 1/2, pp. 99-112
  5. Gvozdenac-Uroševi}, B., Energy Efficiency and Gross Domestic Product, Thermal Science, 14 (2010), 3, pp. 799-808
  6. ***, DIRECTIVE 2001/77/EEC of 27 September 2001 on the Promotion of Electricity Produced from Renewable Energy Sources in the Internal Electricity Market, Official Journal of the European Communities, No. L 283/33 EN
  7. ***, DIRECTIVE 2006/32/EEC of 5 April 2006 on Energy End-Use Efficiency and Energy Services and Repealing Council Directive 93/76/EEC, Official Journal of the European Union, No. L 114/64-85 EN
  8. ***, DIRECTIVE 2012/27/EU of 25 October 2012 on Energy Efficiency (amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC (1)), Official Journal of the European Union, No. L 315, Vol. 55, pp. 1-56
  9. ***, DIRECTIVE 2012/29/EU of 25 October 2012 establishing minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2001/220/JHA, Official Journal of the European Union, No. L 315, Vol. 55, pp. 57-73
  10. ***, DIRECTIVE 2012/30/EU of 25 October 2012 on coordination of safeguards which, for the protec-tion of the interests of members and others, are required by Member States of companies within the meaning of the second paragraph of Article 54 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, in respect of the formation of public limited liability companies and the maintenance and alteration of their capital, with a view to making such safeguards equivalent, Official Journal of the European Union, No. L 315, Vol. 55, pp. 74-104
  11. ***, DIRECTIVE 93/76/EEC of 13 September 1993 to Limit Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Improving Energy Efficiency (SAVE), Official Journal of the European Union, No L 237/28-30 EN
  12. ***, European Commission, Action Plan for Energy Efficiency COM (2006)545 final, Brussels European Commission, A European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (set-plan), Brussels, COM(2007) 723 final
  13. ***, European Commission, Draft Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: 7 Measures for 2 Million New EU Jobs: Low Carbon Eco Efficient & Cleaner Economy for European Citizens, Brussels, 2009
  14. ***, European Environment Agency, Annual European Community Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990-2007 and inventory report 2009, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Copenhagen, 2009
  15. ***, Eurostat, Energy, Transport and Environment Indicators, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 2009
  16. Dennis, K., The Compatibility of Economic Theory and Proactive Energy Efficiency Policy, The Electricity Journal, 19 (2006), 7, pp. 58-73
  17. Morvay, Z., Gvozdenac, D., Applied Industrial Energy and Environmental Management, John Wiley and Sons and IEEE press, Chichester, UK, 2008
  18. ***, International Energy Agency,
  19. Mourmouris, J. C., Potolias, C., A Multi-Criteria Methodology for Energy Planning and Developing Renewable Energy Sources at a Regional Level: A Case Study, Thasos, Greece, Energy Policy, 52 (2013), C, pp. 522-530
  20. Oikonomou, V., et al., Linking Least-Cost Energy System Costs Models with MCA: An Assessment of the EU Renewable Energy Targets and Supporting Policies, Energy Policy, 39 (2011), pp. 2786-2799
  21. Saaty, T. L., The Analytic Hierarchy Process, McGraw Hill, New York, USA, 1980

© 2024 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence