International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links


The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the thermal properties of existing residential buildings built in industrial manner in Novi Sad from 1960 to 1990 based on building typology. Each of three analyzed building type has its characteristic façade, with thermal performances divided into periods according to the development of domestic thermal protection building codes. The necessary layer of subsequent insulation is determined by calculations in order to comply with European standards, also applied in Serbia from 2012. The proposed method of periodization simplifies the process of thermal performance assessment and it was checked through the case studies. Evaluation of energy consumption rationalization has been done through comparative analysis of energy losses. Based on the most common energy rehabilitation measures applied in Serbia, it was estimated that it was possible to reduce the energy losses in heating up to 60%. [Acknowledgements. The work reported in this paper is a part of the investigation within the research project TR 36017 supported by the Ministry for Education and Science, Republic of Serbia]
PAPER REVISED: 2012-06-20
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2012-08-25
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2014, VOLUME 18, ISSUE Issue 2, PAGES [615 - 630]
  1. ***The Construction Products Directive (Council Directive 89/106/EEC), Available:
  2. Gulvanessian H, Calgaro M, Holicky, Designers' Guide to EN 1990 Eurocode: Basis of structural design, Thomas Telford Publishing, London, 2002
  3. Folić, R. Kurtović Folić, N. Reliability and maintenance of residential buildings, Tehnika - Naše građevinarstvo (1995), 9-10 (in Serbian)
  4. SRPS U J.5.600:1998 Heat in civil engineering (HCE) Requirements for design and manufacturing of buildings
  5. SRPS U.J.510:1987 HCE Coefficient of heat transfer in buildings
  6. SRPS U.J5.520:1997 HCE Calc. of water vapour diffusion in buildings
  7. SRPS U.J5.530:1997 HCE Calculation of damping factor and temperature oscillations delay in the summer period through the exterior building partitions
  8. ***Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (recast) Available:
  9. Rule on energy efficiency of buildings, Official Gazette RS, No. 61/2011
  10. Rule on conditions, content and a way of energy certification on buildings, O. G. RS, No. 61/2011
  11. Knorr-Siedow, T., Present and future outlook for large housing estates, EA.UE, Large housing estates project, Available:
  12. ***Application of Building Typologies for Modeling the Energy Balance of the Residential Building Stock, Institut Wohnen und Umwelt GmbH, Germany, 2012, Avail.:
  13. ***Improving the quality of existing urban building envelopes, Domain: Transport and Urban Development, Action Web Site:
  14. ***Sustainable Refurbishment Europe, Available:
  15. ***Restructuring Large Housing Estates in European Cities: Good Practices and New Visions for Sustainable Development, Available:
  16. ***SURBAN Database on Sustainable Urban Development in Europe, Available:
  17. ***Large prefabricated housing estates in Central and Eastern Europe, Available:
  18. Laban M., Quality control of prefabricated concrete façade elements after long term period of exploitation, Materijali i konstrukcije 49 (2006), Vol. 1-2, pp. 3-19 (in Serbian)
  19. Laban, M., Folić, R., Conceptual analysis of residential buildings' façades applied in industrial building systems in Novi Sad, Proceedings (Ed. V. Radonjanin), International Symposium about research and application of modern achievements in civil engineering in the field of materials and structures, XXV Congress, Tara, Serbia, 2011, pp. 311-318
  20. Catalogue review on variant solutions of façades in IMS building system, IMS Institute, Scientific investigation, 1981 and 1982 (in Serbian)
  21. Horvat A. Large panel system Montastan - GIK „1.maj" Bačka Topola, in: Prefabricated Civil Engineering Structures (Ed. P. Vuković), Ekonomika, Beograd, 1983, pp.309-319 (in Serbian)
  22. Large panel system »Montastan« technical catalogue, GIK »1. Maj« Bačka Topola, Serbia, 1989
  23. The main design project of central heat installation system for residential building F4, Detelinara 3 Novi Sad (E 577), »Investprojekt« N. Sad, Designer D. Bugarski, N. Sad, February 1985
  24. Radović, R.: The use of bricks in prefabr. building, Izgradnja, 4 (1989), pp. 14-15 (in Serbian)
  25. Cagić, P., Industrial residential building system NS-71, Yugoslavian Building Centre, (298) DGA-1479, pp.1-18 (in Serbian)
  26. P. Cagić, M. Lojanica: Residential communities Block III (B-2) in N. Sad and Industrial building system NS-71, Izgradnja, SP Apartments and Housing, Beograd, 1980, str.166-181 (in Serbian)
  27. Possibilities for use of ceramsite and ceramsite concrete, Institute for Civil Engineering of Vojvodina, Subotica, Serbia, 1981 (in Serbian)
  28. Berge, B., The ecology of building materials, Elsevier, London, GB, 2000
  29. Rule on minimum technical conditions for RB, »Off. Gazette of SFRJ«, No. 45/67
  30. Rule on technical measures and condit. for thermal protection of buildings, »O. G. SFRJ« 35/70
  31. SRPS U J.5.600:1980 Heat in civil engineering (HCE) Requirements for design and manufacturing of buildings
  32. The main design project of central heat installation system for residential building NS-1, Liman I Novi Sad (G 80), »Beton« N. Sad, Designer M. Vujkov, N. Sad, Februar 1962
  33. The main design project of central heat installation system for residential building NS-2/II, Liman I Novi Sad (G 119), »Beton« N. Sad, Designer Lj. Bošnjak, N. Sad, September 1964
  34. Nedić Lj., The analysis of relations between secondary and primary elements of IMS system and possibilities of dwellings design solutions, Specialization Thesis, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Architecture, Belgrade, Serbia, 1977 (in Serbian)
  35. Radović, R., Rind, L., Thermal insulation in Montastan building system, Third Yugoslavian Scientific Conference Industrialized residential building - INDIS 83, Book of proceedings, Book II, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad, 1983, str. 323-344 (in Serbian)
  36. Sebenji F, Radović R., Possibilities of building Montastan elements in bricks, regarding on new thermal protection rules, Fourth Yug. Sc. Conf. Industrialized residential building -INDIS 86, Proceedings, Book II, Faculty of Technical Sciences, N. Sad, 1986, pp. 161-183 (in Serbian)
  37. Bogunović, S., Thermal insulation and vapour diffusion, in: Precast concrete façades (Ed. R. Dimitrijević), Institut IMS, Beograd, Serbia, 1995, pp. 77 - 85 (in Serbian)
  39. Šumarac, D. M., at al., Energy Efficiency of Residential Buildings in Serbia, Thermal Science, Vol.14 (2010), Suppl., pp. S97-S113
  40. Krstić, A., Subsequent solution of thermal insulation and vapour diffusion problems, in Buildings physics and materials, AGM book, Beograd, 2008, pp.121-130 (in Serbian)
  41. Mohači D., at al., Choosing an optimal type of façade wall using »Design Builder« software package, Materijali i konstrukcije 53 (2010), Vol. 4, pp. 3-13
  42. Todorović M., Ećim O., Martinović I., An aproach to advance the energy efficiency and sustainability of masonry buildings, Materijali i konstrukcije 53 (2010), Vol. 4, pp. 5-27
  43. Final design project for residential building N3 at Liman III in Novi Sad, Institute for architecture and urbanism, Belgrade, Designer: architects M. Lojanica, P. Cagić and B. Jovanović, March 1973
  44. Main design project for residential building N5 at Limanu II - south in Novi Sad, Neimar - Design bureau, Novi Sad, Designer arh. D. Krstić, January 1979
  45. Folić R., Laban M., Milanko V., Reliability and Sustainability Analysis of Large Panel Residential Buildings in Sofia, Skopje and Novi Sad, FACTA UNIVERSITATIS, Series: Architecture and Civil Engineering, Vol. 9, No 1, 2011, pp. 161 - 176

© 2023 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence