International Scientific Journal


Paper presents tyre as flammable material and some examples of tyre fires in the world. Uncontrolled tyre fires produce a lot of smoke and air pollutants, including benzene and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Great heat leads to the generation of pyrolytic oil which, when mixed with the fire extinguishing agent, contaminates the surrounding soil, surface water and underground water. Paper analyzes and presents in particular the emission factors of incomplete burning of waste car tyres. Metal dust emissions have been presented, volatile organic compund (VOC) emissions, slightly volatile organic compound (SVOC) emissions and emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Evaluation of the effect on the air quality has been graphically presented by modelling of uncotrolled tyre burning by using EPA "SCREEN 3 MODEL".
PAPER REVISED: 2012-05-30
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2012-09-24
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2013, VOLUME 17, ISSUE Issue 3, PAGES [903 - 913]
  1. End of life tyres - a valuable resource with growing potential, European Tyre and Rubber's Manufacturers Association (ERTMA), (2010) Edition, Bussels
  2. Managing End-of-Life Tires (ELTs), European Tyre and Rubber's manufacturers association (ETRMA), (2011) Edition, Bussels
  3. Air emission from scrap tire combustion, EPA -600/R-97--115, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington DC, 1997
  4. D.N. Humphrey, L.E.Katz, Field study of water quality effects of tire shreds placed bellow the water table,
  5. D.N. Humphrey, Water quality results for whitter farm road tired shred fild trial, Departman of civil and environmrntal engineering, University of Main, Orono, Main, (1999),
  6. J.L. Zelibor, Twin city testing corporation study waste tires for roadbed fill, Scrap Tire News 4 (5) (1990), pp17-18
  7. Evaluation of health effects of recycled waste tires in playground and track products, Public Affairs Office, California Integrated Waste Management Board, Sacramento, (2007),
  8. Review of the human health & ecological safety of exposure to recycled tire rubber found at playground and synthetic turf fields, Ruber Manufacturers Association, ChemRisk Inc, Pitsburgh, PA, Washington DC, (2008),
  9. E. Denly, K. Rutkowski, K. Vetrano, A review of the potential helth and safety risks from syntethic turf fields containing crumb rubber infill, Project No 153896, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, NewYork, NY, (2008),
  10. Tires as a Fuel Supllement: Feasibility study, Report to the Legislature, California Integrated Waste Management Board, (1992).
  11. K. Pope, Tires to energy in a fluidiyed bed combustion system, Energy Products of Idaho, Inc.,
  12. Air emissions from scrap tire combustion, Office of Research and Development, US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington DC, (1997), /publications/scrap_tires/index.cfm?PublicationID=11268
  13. M. Blumenthal, The use of scrap tyres in the US cement industry, World Cement, (1992),
  14. A.C. Bell, Delta Air Quality Services, Inc, AB2588 Emission testing at California portlan Cement Compani's Colton plant; Coal firing and Coal with tires firing, California Portlad Cement Company, (1999),
  15. T.B. Edil, P.J. Bosscher, Evaluation of shredded and whole tires for highway aplications and development engineering criteria, Wisconsin Department of Transportation, (1989),
  16. C. Lin, C.-L. Fuan, C.-C. Shern, Recycling waste tire powder for the recovary of oil spills, Resour. Conserv. Recy. 52 (2008) 1162-1166
  17. US EPA, Region 5, Waste, Pesticides and Toxic Division, Chicago, Ullinois & Illionis EPA Bureau of land, Springfield, Illinois, Scrap Tire Cleanup Guidebook, (2006), Chicago, (pristupljeno 14.04.2011)
  18. US EPA, Compilation of Air Pollution Emission Factors (1992) AP 42, Fifth Edition, Volume I, Chapter 2: Solid Waste Disposal
  19. EMISSION FACTOR DOCUMENTATION FOR AP-42 SECTION 2.5, OPEN BURNING U.S. EPA,Characterization of Emissions from the Simulated Open Burning of Scrap Tires (1989), Acurex Corporation, Research Triangle Park, EPA-600/2-89- 054
  20. US EPA, Compilation of Air Pollution Emission Factors, (1992) AP 42, Fifth Edition, Volume I Chapter 2: Solid Waste Disposal, 2.5 Open Burning
  21. E.Holzbecher, 2D and 3D Transport Solutions (Gaussian Puffs and Plumes) Environmental Modeling Using MATLAB®, (2007), Springer, 293-306
  22. Lemieux PM, Ryan JV (1993) Characterization of air pollutants emitted from a simulated scrap tire fire. Air Waste Mgmt Assoc J; 43(8):1106-15.
  23. R. Brady Williamson, R. Allen Schroeder, Separation distances are based on the "Fire SafetyAssessment of the Scrap Tire Storage Methods", (1994)
  24. Ryan JV, Characterization of emissions from the simulated open burning of scrap tires; EPA- 600/2-89- 054, NTIS PB90-126004., (1989)

© 2023 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence