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For Japan, the situation has become extremely difficult since counter-measures to deal with the nuclear accident had to be carried out along with dealing with the broader disaster caused by earthquake and the tsunami. In terms of damage, the Tohoku earthquake and the tsunami have caused the most fatalities and the largest economic loss ever from an earthquake and/or tsunami. The impact of this natural disaster is present not only in Japan but world-wide. The state of affairs in the global energy sector is affected by the consequences which may be lasting for decades. These effects are subject of this article dealing not with the nuclear accident at Fukushima Daiichi NPPs itself, but rather with the world-wide consequences and after effect on nuclear energy development. This includes: environmental damages, socio-economic effects, actions of safety authorities, extended protective measures against external events, the impact on global nuclear energy, triggered nuclear phase-outs and changes in new build plans as well as the sustainability of energy mix itself and an outlook.
PAPER REVISED: 2012-03-18
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2012-03-22
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2012, VOLUME 16, ISSUE Supplement 1, PAGES [S35 - S49]
  1. Swiss Nuclear Society, J. Nöggerath, 28 March 2011;
  2. Interim report of the Investigation Committee of the Japanese Government on the Crises at the Fukushima Daiichi and Daiini NPPs, December 2011
  3. INES: The International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale, IAEA 08-26941 / E
  4. The Futurist Interviews Crisis Communications Expert Peter Sandman on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Meltdown in Japan;
  5. IAEA Power Reactor Information System;
  6. International Energy Outlook 2011, U.S. Energy Information Administration, DOE/EIA- 0484(2011), September 2011
  7. BP Energy Outlook 2030, London, January 2012
  8. World Economic Outlook 2011 (Tensions from the Two-Speed Recovery: Unemployment, Commodities, and Capital Flows) "New Polices" Scenario, International Monetary Fund, April 2011
  9. World Energy Outlook 2011, International Energy Agency, November 2011
  10. Policies for the future: 2011 Assessment of country energy and climate policies, World Energy Council, November 2011

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