International Scientific Journal


Nondestructive testing methods are increasingly in use. With these methods it is possible to obtain the desired information about the system, without altering or damaging it in any way. This paper examines the possibilities of applying these methods in the quantification of losses incurred by leaking of compressed air from the system in the terms of increasing energy efficiency of the system. The emphasis is on the application of ultrasound detector and IR (infrared) thermographic camera. The potentials and limitations of these technologies are analyzed for leakage quantification on a steel pipe in compressed air systems, as well as the reliability and accuracy of the results thus obtained.
PAPER REVISED: 2012-09-20
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2012-09-25
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2012, VOLUME 16, ISSUE Supplement 2, PAGES [S555 - S565]
  1. Radgen, P., Blaustein, E, Compressed Air Systems in the European Union - Energy, Emissions, Saving Potentials and Policy Actions, LOG-X Verlag GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany, 2001
  2. US Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Assessment of the Market for Compressed Air Efficiency Services, Xenergy Inc, Burlington, Ont., Canada, 2001
  3. Koonce, D., et al., A Hierarchical Cost Estimation Tool, Computers in Industry, 50 (2003), 3, pp. 293. 302
  4. .e.lija, D., et al., Potential Energy Savings in Compressed Air Systems in Serbia, African Journal of Business Management, 5 (2011), 14, pp. 5637-5645
  5. Asatryan, R.S., et al., A Spectroradiometer ror Remote Ecological Testing of Gas Main Pipelines, Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing, 46 (2010), 8, pp. 598-602
  6. Bose, J. R., Olson, M. K., TAPSfs Leak Detection Seeks Greater Precision, Oil and Gas Journal, 91 (1993), 14, pp. 43-47
  7. Carlson, B.N, Selection and Use of Pipeline Leak Detection Methods for Liability Management into the 21st Century. Pipeline Infrastructure II, Proceedings, International Conference of the American Society of Chemical Engineers ASCE, Dallas, TX, USA, 1993, pp. 369-383
  8. Turner, N.C, Hardware and Software Techniques for Pipeline Integrity and Leak Detection Monitoring. Proceedings of Offshore Europe, Aberdeen, Scotland, (1991), pp. 139-149
  9. Zhang, J., Designing a Cost Effective and Reliable Pipeline Leak Detection System, Proceedings, Pipeline Reliability Conference, Houston, TX, USA, 1996
  10. Rozinov, A.Y., Physical Evaluation Of The Efficiency Of Applying Liquid Indicators During Leakproofness Inspection, Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing, 42 (2006), 8, pp. 551-557
  11. SDT Ultrasound Solution, Compressed Air . Leak Surveyor Handbook, 3rd ed, SDT North America Ltd, Cobourg, Ont., Canada 2009
  12. Rozlosnik, A.E, Infrared Thermography and Ultrasound Both Test Analyzing Valves, Proceedings, SPIE, 20 Thermosense Conference, Orlando, FL, USA, 1998, 3361, pp. 137-152
  13. Jong, N.D., Frinking, P.J., Bouakaz, A., Ten Cate, F.J, Detection Procedures of Ultrasound Contrast Agents, Ultrasonics, 38 (2000), 1-8, pp. 87-92
  14. Puttmer, A, New Applications for Ultrasonic Sensors in Process Industries, Ultrasonics, 44, (2006), 1, pp. e1379-1383
  15. Zhang, J., et al., Defect Detection Using Ultrasonic Arrays: The Multi-Mode Total Focusing Method, NDT & E International, 43 (2010), 4, pp. 123.133
  16. Haggstrom, E., Luukkala, M, Ultrasound Detection and Identification of Foreign Bodies in Food Products, Food Control, 12 (2001), 1, pp. 37-45
  17. Shuh-Haw, S., Hual-Te, C., Apostolos, C.R, Ultrasonic Techniques for Detecting Helium Leaks, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 71 (2001), 3, pp. 197-202
  18. Moon, C., et al., Ultrasound Techniques For Leak Detection, Proceedings, SAE 2009 noise and vibration conference and exhibition ultrasound techniques for leak detection, St. Charles, Illinois, USA, 2009
  19. Lewis, A.W., Yuen, S.T.S., Smith, A.J.R, Detection of Gas Leakage From Landfills Using Infrared Thermography - Applicability And Limitations, Waste Management & Research, 21 (2003), 5, pp. 436-447
  20. Kulp TJ, Powers PE, Kennedy RB. Remote imaging of controlled gas releases using active and passive infrared imaging systems, Proceedings, Infrared technology and applications XXIII, Orlando, FL, USA, 1997, 3061, pp. 269-278
  21. Meola, C., Carlomagno, G.M, Recent Advances in the Use of Infrared Thermography, Measurement Science and Tecnology, 15 (2004), 9, pp. R27-R58
  22. Balaras, C.A, Argiriou, A.A, Infrared Thermography for Building Diagnostics, Energy and Buildings, 34 (2002), 2, pp. 171-183
  23. Moropoulou, A., et al., Determination of Emissivity for Building Materials Using Infrared Thermography, Journal of Thermology International, 10 (2000), 3, pp. 115-118
  24. Al-Kassir, A.R., Fernandez, J., Tinaut, F.V., Castro, F, Thermographic Study of Energetic Installations, Applied Thermal Engineering, 25 (2005), 2-3, pp. 183-190
  25. Korukcu, M.O., Kilic, M, The Usage of IR Thermography for the Temperature Measurements Inside an Automobile Cabin, International Communication in Heat and Mass Transfer, 36 (2009), 8, pp. 872-877
  26. Ring, E.F.J., Ammer, K, The Technique of Infrared Imaging in Medicine, Thermology International, 10 (2000), 1, pp. 7-14
  27. Meola, C, A New Approach for Estimation of Defects Detection with Infrared Thermography, Material Letters, 61 (2007), 3, pp. 747-750
  28. Carlomagno, G.M., Meola, C, Comparison between Thermographic Techniques for Frescoes NDT, NDT & E International, 35 (2002), 8, pp. 559-565
  29. Tavukcuoglu, A., Duzgunes, A., Caner-Saltik, E.N., Demirci, S, Use Of IR Thermography For The Assessment Of Surface-Water Drainage Problems In A Historical Building, A.z.karahan (Aksaray), Turkey, NDT & E International, 38 (2005), 5, pp. 402-410
  30. Brodetsky, E., Savic, M, Leak Monitoring System for Gas Pipelines, Proceedings, IEEE International conference acoustics, speech, and signal processing, Minneapolis, MN, USA, 1993, 3, pp. 17-20
  31. Weil, G.J, Non Contact, Remote Sensing of Buried Water Pipeline Leaks Using Infrared Thermography, Proceedings, Water resources planning and management and urban water resources, Seattle, WA, USA, 1993, pp. 404-407
  32. Jankes, G., et al., Waste Heat Potentials in the Drying Section of the Paper Machine in Umka Cardboard Mill, Thermal Science, 15 (2011), 3, pp. 735-747
  33. Dudi., S., et al., Leakage Quantification of Compressed Air Using Ultrasound and Infrared Thermography, Measurement, 45 (2012), 7, pp. 1689.1694
  34. Kroll, A., Baetz, W., Peretzki, D, On Autonomous Detection of Pressured Air and Gas Leaks Using Passive IR-Thermography for Mobile Robot Application, Proceedings, IEEE International conference on robotics and automation, Kobe, Japan, 2009, pp. 291-296
  35. FESTO, Air Box type GHDA-FQ-M-FDMJ-A . Operating Instructions, Festo AG&Co. KG, Esslingen, Germany, 2006
  36. UE Systems In, Ultraprobe 100 - user manual, Elmsford, NY, USA, 2005
  37. UE Systems Inc. Compressed air, ultrasonic leak detection guide, Elmsford, NY, USA, 2005
  38. Fluke. Ti20 Thermal Imager - Users Manual, Everet, WA, USA, 2006

© 2024 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence