THERMAL SCIENCE

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Fabrication of PVDF/PES nanofibers with unsmooth fractal surfaces by electrospinning: A general strategy and formation mechanism

ABSTRACT
Smaller fibers are welcome in many applications due to larger surface area, but there is a threshold for smallest fibers for a fixed spinning system. In order to further improve surface area, hierarchical structure is considered in this paper using electrospinning. A bi-solvent system is used in our experiment for fast solvent evaporation. Unsmooth nanofibers are obtained, and the formation mechanism is elucidated.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2019-12-01
PAPER REVISED: 2020-06-20
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-06-20
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2021-01-31
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI191201024L
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