THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

online first only

New opportunities for ventilation assistance in buildings under Saharan climatic conditions

ABSTRACT
The aim of this paper is devoted to the coupling of ventilation systems with buildings with low energy performances under a specific Saharan climate. In the second part, the objective is to diagnose and quantify energy consumptions due to the ventilation of a real residential building in Ghardaïa site. As result, ventilation system can bring a positive support to the thermo-aeraulic comfort by controlling the mass flow rate of the air entering to the heated or/and cooled building zone. Heat losses due to the ventilation system represent 4.75% of the total losses; the provided heat exchange in this case requires an additional consumption of around 6.6058% of the total energy needs.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2015-12-05
PAPER REVISED: 2016-06-03
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-06-06
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-08-07
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI151205167K
REFERENCES
  1. Wang, Z., Ding, Y., Geng, G., Zhu, N., Analysis of Energy Efficiency Retrofit Schemes for Heating, Ventilating and Air-conditioning Systems in Existing Office Buildings Based on the Modified Bin Method, Energy Conversion and Management ,77 (2014), pp. 233-242.
  2. Lin, W., Ma, Z., Sohel, M.I., Cooper P., Development and Evaluation of a Ceiling Ventilation System Enhanced by Solar Photovoltaic Thermal Collectors and Phase Change Materials, Energy Conversion and Management, 88 (2014), pp. 218-230.
  3. Kalagasidis, A. S., The Efficiency of a Dynamically Insulated Wall in the Presence of Air Leakages, Thermal Science, 8 (2004), 1, pp. 83-94.
  4. Tetsu K., Doris T. H. C., Supian A., The Effects of Night Ventilation Technique on Indoor Thermal Environment for Residential Buildings in Hot-humid Climate of Malaysia, Energy and Buildings, 41 (2009), pp. 829-839.
  5. Artmann, N., Manz, H., Heiselberg, P., Climatic Potential for Passive Cooling of Buildings by Night-time Ventilation in Europe, Applied Energy, 84 (2007), pp. 187-201.
  6. Giuseppe B., Michele D. C., Nicola M., Giovanni T., Possibilities and Limitations of Natural Ventilation in Restored Industrial Archaeology Buildings with a Double-skin Façade in Mediterranean Climates, Building and Environment , 40 (2005), pp. 983-995.
  7. Dragicevic, S. M., Lambic, M. R., Numerical Study of a Modified Trombe Wall Solar Collector System, Thermal Science, 13 (2009), 1, pp. 195-204.
  8. Hüseyin B., Determination of Thermal Performance Calculation of two Different Types Solar Air Collectors with the Use of Artificial Neural Networks, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 60 (2013), pp. 1-7.
  9. Givoni, B., Effectiveness of Mass and Night Ventilation in Lowering the Indoor Daytime Temperatures, Part I: 1993 Experimental Periods, Energy and Buildings, 28 (1998), pp. 25-32.
  10. Kolokotroni, M., Giannitsaris, I., Watkins, R., The Effect of the London Urban Heat Island on Building Summer Cooling Demand and Night Ventilation Strategies, Solar Energy, 80 (2006), pp. 383-392.
  11. Bekkouche, S.M.A., Benouaz, T., Cherier, M.K., Hamdani, M., Benamrane, N., Yaiche, M.R., Thermal Resistances of Local Building Materials and Their Effect Upon the Interior Temperatures Case of a Building Located in Ghardaïa Region, Construction and Building Materials, 52 (2014), pp. 59-70.
  12. Bekkouche, S.M.A., Benouaz, T., Hamdani, M., Cherier, M.K., N., Yaiche, Benamrane, N., Judicious Choice of the Building Compactness to Improve Thermo-aeraulic Comfort in Hot Climate, Journal of Building Engineering, 01 (2015), pp. 42-52.
  13. Haddam, M.A.C., Bekkouche, S.M.A., Benouaz, T., Hamdani, M., Cherier, M.K., Benamran, N., Integration of Eaves and Shading Devices for Improving the Thermal Comfort in a Multi-zone Building, Thermal Science, 19 (2015), Suppl. 2, pp. S615-S624, doi: 10.2298/TSCI140422117H
  14. Hamdani, M., Bekkouche, S.M.A., Benouaz, T., Cherier, M.K., A New Modelling Approach of a Multizone Building to Assess the Influence of Building Orientation in Saharan Climate, Thermal Science, 19 (2015), Suppl. 2, pp. S591-S601, doi: 10.2298/TSCI131217026H
  15. Saulnier, J.B., Alexandre, A., Thermal Modelling by the Nodal Method, Its Principles, Success and Limits (in French), Revue Générale de Thermique, 280 (1985), pp. 363-372.
  16. Bekkouche, S.M.A., Benouaz, T., Cherier, M.K., Hamdani, M., Yaiche, M.R., M., Benamrane, N., Influence of the Compactness Index to Increase the Internal Temperature of a Building in Saharan Climate, Energy and Buildings, 66 (2013), pp. 678-687.
  17. Yaiche, M.R., Bekkouche, S.M.A., Design and Validation of a Software Excel for Modeling a Radiometric Station in Algeria for a Totally Clear Sky, (in French), Revue des Energies Renouvelables 12, 4 (2009), pp. 677-688.
  18. Bay Ahmed, S., Aphids in Ghardaia region (Algeria): Biodiversity and Importance in a Bean Field (in French), Academic Master in Agricultural Sciences, University of Ghardaïa, Algeria, 2013.
  19. NOR: ETLL1234842A, Méthode 3CL-DPE v1.3, JORF n°0262 du 10 novembre 2012 page 17780 texte N° 9.
  20. Bekkouche, S.M.A., Benouaz, T., Hamdani, M., Cherier, M.K., Yaiche, M.R., Benamrane, N., Diagnosis and Comprehensive Quantification of Energy Needs for Existing Residential Buildings Under Sahara Weather Conditions, Advances in Building Energy Research, 2016. DOI: 10.1080/17512549.2015.1119059.