International Scientific Journal


The disposal of waste plastic solids are becoming more than a crisis with respect to environmental safety. Proper disposal system may either be very expensive or leads to side effect. Hence researchers are looking for suitable methods to reuse them. Oils as substitute for petroleum products in internal combustion engines are gaining focus in India, because of its potential to generate large scale employment and relatively low environmental poverty. The present work aims at utilizing this waste plastic oil in a low heat rejection retarded timing engine whose combustion chamber surface is coated with partially stabilized zirconia (PSZ) ceramic. The influence of fuel injection timing was studied to completely understand the waste plastic oil performance in low heat rejection engine. The results revealed great improvement in performance, and emission characteristics. As a compensation, NOx formation was slightly increased. Overall performance of the low heat rejection engine with waste plastic oil fuel was better with 14⁰ bTDC retarded injection time.
PAPER REVISED: 2019-05-08
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2019-06-03
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
  1. Long .W, et al., Effects of dual-direct injection parameters on performance of fuel Jet Controlled Compression Ignition mode on a high-speed light duty engine, Fuel. 235 (2019), pp. 658-669,.
  2. Dhanasekaran.R, et al., Utilization of waste cooking oil in a light-duty DI diesel engine for cleaner emissions using bio-derived propanol, Fuel, 235(2019), pp. 832-837,.
  3. Bridjesh.P, et al., Combined effect of composite additive and combustion chamber modification to adapt waste plastic oil as fuel on a diesel engine, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng. 97(2019), pp. 297-304,.
  4. Bridjesh.P, et al., MEA and DEE as additives on diesel engine using waste plastic oil diesel blends, Sustain. Environ. Res., 28(2018), 3, pp. 142-147.
  5. Chintala.V, et al., A comparative assessment of single cylinder diesel engine characteristics with plastooils derived from municipal mixed plastic waste, Energy Convers. Manag.,166(2018), pp. 579-589.
  6. Sharma.B.K, et al., Production, characterization and fuel properties of alternative diesel fuel from pyrolysis of waste plastic grocery bags, Fuel Process. Technol., 122(2014), pp. 79-90.
  7. Gabiña.G, et al., Performance of marine diesel engine in propulsion mode with a waste oil-based alternative fuel, Fuel. 235(2019), pp. 259-268.
  8. Aghbashlo.M, et al., Multi-objective exergetic and technical optimization of a piezoelectric ultrasonic reactor applied to synthesize biodiesel from waste cooking oil (WCO) using soft computing techniques, Fuel, 235(2019), pp. 100-112.
  9. Saravankumar.P.T, et al., Ecological effect of corn oil biofuel with Si, Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects (2019).
  10. Govindasamy.P, et al., Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Compression Ratio in a Direct Injection Diesel Engine Fueled with Spirulina Algae Biodiesel, J. of Applied Fluid Mechanics,11(2019), Special Issue, pp. 107-114.
  11. Uriondo.Z, et al., Waste lube-oil based fuel characterization in real conditions. Case study: Bottomtrawl fishing vessel powered with medium speed diesel engine, Fuel, 215(2018), pp. 744-755.
  12. Godwin Antony.A, et al.,Analysis and optimization of performance parameters in computerized I.C. engine using diesel blended with linseed oil and leishmaan's solution, Mech. Mech. Eng., 21(2017), 2,pp. 193-205 .
  13. Kumar.J.K, et al., Investigation of Performance and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Blends with Pine Oil, J. Appl. Fluid Mech., 11(2018), Special Issue, pp. 63-67.
  14. Youse.A, et al., Effect of diesel injection timing on the combustion of natural gas / diesel dual-fuel engine at low-high load and low-high speed conditions, Fuel, 235(2019), pp. 838-846,.
  15. Venu.H, et al., Combined effect of influence of nano additives, combustion chamber geometry and injection timing in a DI diesel engine fuelled with ternary (diesel-biodiesel-ethanol) blends, Energy, 174(C) (2019), pp. 386-406,..
  16. Coskun.G, et al., An experimental and modeling study to investigate e ff ects of di ff erent injection parameters on a direct injection HCCI combustion fueled with ethanol - gasoline fuel blends, Fuel, 215 (2018) pp. 879-891,.
  17. Li.G, et al., Effects of split injection proportion and the second injection timings on the combustion and emissions of a dual fuel SI engine with split hydrogen direct injection, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 44 (2019), 21, pp. 11194-11204,.
  18. Ahmed.Z.A and Sharma.D.K, A modelling and analysis of exhaust gas recirculation system to lower the NOx emission from internal combustion engine: a review on advanced and novel concepts, Int. J. Renew. Energy Technol., 9(2018), 1/2, pp. 118-135,.
  19. Avudaiappan.T, et al., Potential Flow Simulation through Lagrangian Interpolation Meshless Method Coding, J. of Applied Fluid Mechanics, 11 (2018), Special Issue, pp. 129 -134,.
  20. Dhandayuthabani. M, et al., Investigation of latent heat storage system using graphite microparticle enhancement, J. of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry,,2019.
  21. Ayodhya.A.S, et al., NOx reduction studies on a diesel engine operating on waste plastic oil blend using selective catalytic reduction technique, J. Energy Inst., 92 (2019), 2 , pp. 341-350,.
  22. Pradeep Mohan Kumar.K., et al., Computational Analysis and Optimization of Spiral Plate Heat Exchanger, J. of Applied Fluid Mechanics, Volume 11 (2018), Special Issue,, 121-128,.

© 2020 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence