THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

HYDRODYNAMIC EXPERIMENTS ON A SMALL-SCALE CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED REACTOR AT ELEVATED OPERATING PRESSURE, AND UNDER AN O2/CO2 ENVIRONMENT

ABSTRACT
Pressurized circulating fluidized bed technology is a potentially promising development for clean coal technologies. The current work explores the hydrodynamics of a small-scale circulating fluidized bed at elevated operating pressures ranging from 0.10 to 0.25 MPa. The initial experiments were performed at atmospheric pressure with air and O2/CO2 environments as the fluidization gas to simulate the hydrodynamics in a circulating fluidized bed. A comparison between the effects of air and O2/CO2 mixtures on the hydrodynamics was outlined in this paper for particles of 160 μm diameter. A small but distinct effect on axial void-age was observed due to the change in gas density in the dense zone of the bed at lower gas velocity, while only minimal differences were noticed at higher gas velocities. The hydrodynamic parameters such as pressure drop and axial voidage profile along the height were reported at two different bed inventories (0.5 and 0.75 kg) for three mean particle sizes of 160, 302, and 427 μm and three superficial gas velocities. It was observed that the operating pressure had a significant effect on the hydrodynamic parameters of bed pressure drop and axial bed void-age profiles. The effect of solids loading resulted in an exponential change in pressure drop profile at atmospheric pressure as well as at elevated pressure. The experimental results on hydrodynamic parameters are in reasonable agreement with published observations in the literature.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2015-09-21
PAPER REVISED: 2015-12-25
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-03-26
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-04-09
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI150921068S
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2017, VOLUME 21, ISSUE 2, PAGES [1093 - 1104]
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© 2017 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence