## THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

### A VARIABLE-ORDER FRACTAL DERIVATIVE MODEL FOR ANOMALOUS DIFFUSION

**ABSTRACT**

This paper pays attention to develop a variable-order fractal derivative model for anomalous diffusion. Previous investigations have indicated that the medium structure, fractal dimension or porosity may change with time or space during solute transport processes, results in time or spatial dependent anomalous diffusion phenomena. Hereby, this study makes an attempt to introduce a variable-order fractal derivative diffusion model, in which the index of fractal derivative depends on temporal moment or spatial position, to characterize the above mentioned anomalous diffusion (or transport) processes. Compared with other models, the main advantages in description and the physical explanation of new model are explored by numerical simulation. Further discussions on the dissimilitude such as computational efficiency, diffusion behavior and heavy tail phenomena of the new model and variable-order fractional derivative model are also offered.

**KEYWORDS**

PAPER SUBMITTED: 2016-04-15

PAPER REVISED: 2016-05-10

PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-06-15

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-10-01

**THERMAL SCIENCE** YEAR

**2017**, VOLUME

**21**, ISSUE

**1**, PAGES [51 - 59]

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