THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE COMBUSITION AND EMISSION PERFORMANCES OF 2,5-DIMETHYLFURAN DIESEL BLENDS ON A DIESEL ENGINE

ABSTRACT
Experiments were carried out in a direct injection compression ignition engine fueled with diesel-dimethylfuran blends. The combustion and emission performances of diesel-dimethylfuran blends were investigated under various loads ranging from 0.13 to 1.13 MPa brake mean effective pressure, and a constant speed of 1800 rpm. Results indicate that diesel-dimethylfuran blends have different combustion performance and produce longer ignition delay and shorter combustion duration compared with pure diesel. Moreover, a slight increase of brake specific fuel consumption and brake thermal efficiency occurs when a Diesel engine operates with blended fuels, rather than diesel fuel. Diesel-dimethylfuran blends could lead to higher NOx emissions at medium and high engine loads. However, there is a significant reduction in soot emission when engines are fueled with diesel-dimethylfuran blends. Soot emissions under each operating conditions are similar and close to zero except for D40 at 0.13 MPa brake mean effective pressure. The total number and mean geometric diameter of emitted particles from diesel-dimethylfuran blends are lower than pure diesel. The tested fuels exhibit no significant difference in either CO or HC emissions at medium and high engine loads. Nevertheless, diesel fuel produces the lowest CO emission and higher HC emission at low loads of 0.13 to 0.38 MPa brake mean effective pressure.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2016-05-26
PAPER REVISED: 2016-07-23
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-08-20
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-09-05
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI160526226X
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2017, VOLUME 21, ISSUE 1, PAGES [543 - 553]
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