THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

DMS - BASIS FOR INCREASING OF GREEN DISTRIBUTED GENERATION PENETRATION IN DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS

ABSTRACT
Modern (electric power) distribution utilities are faced with high penetration of distributed (electric) generation. Renewable generation is of prime interest. Within this generation, the green one incorporating solar (photovoltaic) and wind generation is the most important. Consequently, the following two imperatives are established in modern distribution utilities: 1) absorption of as much of available (connected to network) green generation as possible and 2) increasing of the limit of green distributed generation penetration. This generation is a significant basis of Smart Distribution Grid Concept. Distributed generation transfers passive distribution network into active one. The active distribution network analysis, control, operation management and planning become significantly complex. This complexity radically hinders the achievement of two above stated imperatives referring to the distributed generation penetration. This paper proves that Distribution Management System is a unique powerful system that integrates all tools necessary for surpassing main difficulties in the achievement of the both imperatives. The proof is obtained by the elaboration of a set of power applications (mathematical calculations) integrated in the Distribution Management System. The most important power applications, which deal with voltage / reactive power control, are specially stressed.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2012-01-19
PAPER REVISED: 2012-02-13
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2012-02-17
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI120119071S
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2012, VOLUME 16, ISSUE Supplement 1, PAGES [S189 - S203]
REFERENCES
  1. Viawan, F. A., Sannino, A., Daalder, J., Voltage Control with On-Load Tap Changers in Medium Voltage Feeders in Presence of Distributed Generation, Electric Power Systems Research, 77 (2007), 10, pp. 1314-1322
  2. Liew, S. N., Strbac, G., Maximizing Penetration of Wind Generation in Existing Distribution Networks, IEEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, 149 (2002), 3, pp. 256-262
  3. Ayres, H. M. et al., Method for Determining the Maximum Allowable Penetration Level of Distributed Generation Without Steady-State Voltage Violations, IET Gener. Transm. Distrib., 4 (2010), 4, pp. 495- 508
  4. Koutroumpezis, G. N., Safigianni, A. S., Optimum Allocation of the Maximum Possible Distributed Generation Penetration in a Distribution Network, Electric Power Systems Research, 80 (2010), 12, pp. 1421-1427
  5. Roy, N. K., Mahmud, M. A., Pota, H. R., Impact of High Wind Penetration on the Voltage Profile of Distribution Systems, Proceedings, North American Power Symposium (NAPS), Boston, MA, USA, 2011, pp. 1-6
  6. Farag, H. E., El-Saadany, E. F., Voltage Regulation in Distribution Feeders With High DG Penetration: From Traditional to Smart, Proceedings, IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, San Diego, CA, USA, 2011, pp. 1-8
  7. Boljevic, S., Conlon, M. F., Fault Current Level Issues for Urban Distribution Network with High Penetration of Distributed Generation, Proceedings, 6th International Conference on the European Energy Market, Leuven, Belgium, 2009, pp. 1-6
  8. Calderaro, V., Piccolo, A., Siano, P., Maximizing DG Penetration in Distribution Networks by Means of GA Based Reconfiguration, Proceedings, International Conference on Future Power Systems, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2005, pp. 1-6
  9. Gonzales-Longatt, F. M., Impact of Distributed Generation Over Power Losses on Distribution Systems, Proceedings, 9th Int. Conference on Electrical Power Quality and Utilisation, Barcelona, Spain, 2007, pp. 1-6
  10. Nara, K. et al., Application of Tabu Search to Optimal Placement of Distributed Generators, Proceedings, IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, Columbus, OH, USA, 2001, Vol. 2, pp. 918-923
  11. Bhowmik, A. et al., Determination of Allowable Penetration Levels of Distributed Generation Resources Based on Harmonic Limit Considerations, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 18 (2003), 2, pp. 619- 624
  12. Franco, A., Saiza, P., Strategies for Optimal Penetration of Intermittent Renewables in Complex Energy Systems Based on Techno-Operational Objectives, Renewable Energy, 36 (2011), 2, pp. 743-753
  13. Shi, Y., Yao, S., Wang, Y., Research on Distribution System Restoration Considering Distributed Generation, Proceedings, China International Conference on Electricity Distribution, Nanjing, China, 2010, pp. 1-5
  14. Mathias-Neto, W. P., Leão, F. B., Mantovani, J. R. S., Distribution System Restoration in a DG Environment Using a Heuristic Constructive Multi-Start Algorithm, Proceedings, Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition, Sao Paolo, Brasil, 2010, pp. 86-91
  15. Carpaneto, E., Chicco, G., Prunotto, A., Reliability of Reconfigurable Distribution Systems Including Distributed Generation, Proceedings, International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems, Stockholm, Sweden, 2006, pp. 1-6
  16. Shayani, R. A., De Oliveira, M. A. G., Photovoltaic Generation Penetration Limits in Radial Distribution Systems, IEEE Transactions on PS, 26 (2011), 3, pp. 1625-1631
  17. Morren, J., De Haan, S. W. H., Netwerk, B. V. E., Maximum Penetration Level of Distributed Generation Without Violating Voltage Limits, Proceedings, CIRED Seminar, Frankfurt, Germany, 2008, pp. 1-4
  18. Vovos, P. N. et al., Centralized and Distributed Voltage Control: Impact on Distributed Generation Penetration, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 22 (2007), 1, pp. 476-483
  19. Connolly, D. et al., A Review of Computer Tools for Analysing the Integration of Renewable Energy Into Various Energy Systems, Applied Energy, 87 (2010), 4, pp. 1059-1082
  20. Popović, D. S., Power Applications - A Cherry on the Top of the DMS Cake, Proceedings, DA/DSM DistribuTECH Europe 2000, Vienna, Austria, 2000, Specialist Track 3, Session 3, Paper 2
  21. Kuzmanović, S., Švenda, S. G., Ovcin, Z., Practical Statistical Methods in Distribution Load Estimation, Proceedings, 20th International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution, Prague, Czech Republic, 2009, Session No. 4, Paper No. 0585
  22. Strezoski, V. C., Katić, N. A., Janjić, D. S., Voltage Control Integrated in Distribution Management System, Electric Power Systems Research, 60 (2001), 2, pp. 85-97
  23. Sarić, T. A., Ćalović, S. M., Strezoski, V. C., Fuzzy Multi-Objective Algorithm for Multiple Solution of Distribution Systems Voltage Control, Electrical Power & Energy Systems, 25 (2003), 2, pp. 145-153

© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence