THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

POTENTIALS AND MARKET PROSPECTS OF WIND ENERGY IN VOJVODINA

ABSTRACT
The paper presents an overview of the wind energy potentials, technologies and market prospects in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, the region of Serbia with the most suitable location for exploitation of wind energy. The main characteristics of the region have been presented regarding wind energy and electric, road, railway and waterway infrastructure. The wind farm interconnection with the public grid is explained. The most suitable locations for the wind farms are presented, with present situation and future prospects of wind market in Vojvodina.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2012-02-29
PAPER REVISED: 2012-03-18
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2012-04-12
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI120229068K
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2012, VOLUME 16, ISSUE Supplement 1, PAGES [S141 - S157]
REFERENCES
  1. Official Journal of the EU, EU Directive No. 2001/77/EC
  2. Official Journal of the EU, L140/16-62, 5.6.2009, EU Directive No. 2009/28/EC
  3. ***, European Commission, Eurostat web site, epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu
  4. European Commission, "Renewable Energy: Progressing towards the 2020 target", COM (2011) 31 final, Brussels, 31.1.2011
  5. Bassan, M., Electricity statistics - provisional data for 2009, Eurostat, 14/2010.
  6. Sennekamp, P., EU met its 2010 Renewable electricity target - ambitious 2030 target needed, EWEA Press releases, 12.01.2012, www.ewea.org
  7. EU's Intelligent Energy-Europe (IEE) program, Project # EIE/04/049/S07.38561, Guiding a Least Cost Grid Integration of RES-Electricity in an extended Europe (GreenNet-EU27), 2005-2006, www.greennet-europe.org
  8. EWEA, European Wind Energy Association, www.ewea.org
  9. ***, Wind in power - 2011 European statistics, European Wind Energy Association, 2012, www.ewea.org
  10. ***, Global Wind Statistics, Global Wind Energy Council, Brussels, 2012, www.gwec.net
  11. Wilkes, J., et al., EU Energy Policy to 2050 - Achieving 80-95% emissions reduction, EWEA, 2011
  12. Gburčik, P., et al., Density of Wind Energy Potentials in Serbia, A Research Project Report, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Belgrade, 1984, (in Serbian language)
  13. Gburčik, P., Srdanović, V., Sun and Wind Energy Potentials Atlas of Serbia, Ministry of Sciences of Republic of Serbia, Project No.TD7042B, Belgrade, 2008, (in Serbian language)
  14. Katić, V., Wind Atlas of AP Vojvodina, A Research Project Report, Provincial Secretariat for Energy and Mineral Resources of AP Vojvodina, Novi Sad, 2008, (in Serbian language) www.psemr.vojvodina.gov.rs
  15. ***, Public enterprise „Elektromreze Srbije", Company Profile, 2010, www.ems.rs
  16. ***, Rules of Transmission System Operation, Ver.1, JP Elektromreze Srbije, 2008, (in Serbian language). www.ems.rs/pravila_o_radu_prenosnog_sistema.pdf
  17. ***, Strategy of railway, road, inland waterway, air and intermodal transport development in the Republic of Serbia 2008 - 2015, Official Gazette of Rep. of Serbia, No. 55/05, 71/05 - rectification and 101/07.
  18. ***, The Energy Law, Official Gazette of Rep. of Serbia, No. 57/2011, With amendments, No. 80/2011
  19. ***, Energy Development Strategy of Republic of Serbia by 2015, www.mie.gov.rs
  20. ***, The Strategy Implementation Program 2007-2012, www.mie.gov.rs
  21. ***, Decree on Incentives for Production of Electricity from Renewable Energy Sources and Combined Heat and Power Production, Official Gazette of Rep. of Serbia, No.99/09, 2009
  22. ***, The Energy Development Strategy of Serbia and its implementation in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (2007 - 2012), www.psemr.vojvodina.gov.rs
  23. ***, Grid Connection Regulations for High and Extra High Voltage, E-ON Netz Gmbh, Bayreuth, 2006, www.eon-netz.com
  24. Santjer, F., Klosse, R.: New Supplementary Regulations for Grid Connection by E.ON Netz Gmbh, DEWI Magazin, (2003), 22, pp. 28-34
  25. ***, Grid Code, EirGrid, Version 2.0, 2007, www.eirgrid.com
  26. Fagan, E., et al., Grid Code Provisions for Wind Generators in Ireland, IEEE Power Engeneering Society General Meeting, San Francisco, 2005, Vol. 2, pp. 1241 - 1247
  27. ***, The Grid Code, NGET plc., Warwick, UK, January 2007
  28. ***, The Distribution Code, NGET plc., Warwick, UK, 2006, energynetworks.org
  29. Bin, W., et al., Power Conversion and Control of Wind Energy Systems, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Publication, New Jersey, USA, 2011
  30. Tsili, M., Patsiouras, C., Papathanassiou, S., Grid Code Requirements for Large Wind Farms: A Review of Technical Regulations and Available Wind Turbine Technologies, Proc. EWEC'08, Brussels, April 2008
  31. Conroy, J.F., Watson, R., Frequency Response Capability of Full Converter Wind Turbine Generators in Comparison to Conventional Generation, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 23 (2008), 2, pp. 649-656
  32. Fulli, G., Ciupuliga, A.R., Review of existing methods for transmission planning and for grid connection of wind power plants, 15.06.2009, realisegrid.erse-web.it
  33. ***, Renewable energy and biotechnologies in AP Vojvodina: situation and development prospects, Report on ENERBIO project, Pordenone-Novi Sad, April 2012 (in Italian language), www.enerbio.it
  34. Đurišić, Ž, et al., The analysis of the wind in the south Banat and conditions for integration of wind farms to the grid, Elektroprivreda, 64 (2011), 3, pp. 256-270, (In Serbian language)

© 2020 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence