THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links

GEOPOLITICS OF CLIMATE CHANGE: A REVIEW

ABSTRACT
The paper reviews the geopolitical elements of the emerging discourse on how to control, and cope with climate change. Two complementary approaches may be distinguished: the actor-related approach analyses the positioning of states and interest groups, which develop strategies on coping with climate change; the other approach addresses processes and problem areas (physical, economic, demographic…) emerging in the geographic space as a consequence of, or linked to climate change. With failing mitigation policies and instruments, the urgency of adaptation to climate change is increasing. Assessment of regional consequences of climate change includes the perceptions and motivations of presumed losers or winners. New security implications related to climate change are emerging in the Arctic, South-East Asia, Africa and the Pacific. Energy supply security is a dominant factor in geopolitical considerations. The geopolitics of climate change is inextricably linked to many other issues of globalization. Significant shift of global power raises the discussion of ethical responsibility. Climate change is evolving as a testing ground for competitiveness and innovation potential of political and economic models in achieving sustainability.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2012-02-02
PAPER REVISED: 2012-03-28
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2012-04-17
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI120202127B
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2012, VOLUME 16, ISSUE 3, PAGES [629 - 654]
REFERENCES
  1. ***, World Bank: World Development Report 2010, The World Bank, Washington DC, 2010
  2. Helm, D., Climate-Change Policy: Why Has so Little Been Achieved? in: The Economics and Politics of Climate Change (Eds. D. Helm, C. Hepburn,), Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2009, pp. 9-35
  3. Dodds, K., Geopolitics – a Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2007
  4. Kearns, G., Geopolitics and Empire, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2009
  5. Osterud, O., The Uses and Abuses of Geopolitics, Journal of Peace Research, 2 (1988), 25, pp. 191-199
  6. Hulbert, M., et al., Strategic Trends 2011 – Key Developments in Global Affairs (Ed. D. Mockli), Centre for Security Studies, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland, 2011
  7. Mahbubani, K., The New Asian Hemisphere – the Irresistible Shift of Global Power to the East, Public Affairs, New York, USA, 2008
  8. Morris, I., Why the West Rules ~ for Now. The Patterns of History and what They Reveal about the Future, Profile Books, London, 2010
  9. Hulbert, M., Power Shifts: Emerging Markets Emerged, Geopolitics Fractured, in: Strategic Trends 2011 – Key Developments in Global Affairs (Ed. D. Mockli), Centre for Security Studies, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland, 2011, pp. 11-33
  10. Hepburn, C., Stern, N., The Global Deal on Climate Change, in: The Economics and Politics of Climate Change (Eds. D. Helm, C. Hepburn), Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2009, pp. 36-57
  11. Jonch-Clausen, T., Bjerg, C., The Blue Revolution: Adapting to Climate Change, thought Leadership, Series #6, Copenhagen Climate Council 2009, http://www.mm.dk/sites/default/files/thebluerevolution.pdf
  12. Bošnjaković, B., After Copenhagen – Climate, Energy and Geopolitics, Energy and the Environment, 1 (2010), pp. 1-35
  13. ***, UN Economic Commission for Europe, Guidance on Water and Adaptation to Climate Change, United Nations, New York and Geneva, 2009
  14. ***, UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008: Fighting Climate Change: Human Solidarity in a Divided World. United Nations Development Programme, New York, Palgrave, 2007
  15. Gros, D., Egenhofer, C., Climate Change and Trade: Taxing Carbon at the Border?, CEPS Paperback, Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels, 2010, pp. 1-6
  16. ten Kate, W., Lights on Green in the US Climate Discussion? (in Dutch), Internationale Spectator, 5 (2008), 62, pp. 291-296
  17. ***, UNDP China National Human Development Report 2009/10: China and a Sustainable Future: Towards a Low Carbon Economy and Society. United Nations Development Programme, China Translating and Publishing Corporation, Beijing, 2010, http://content.undp.org/go/cms-service/stream/asset/?asset_id=2471266
  18. Fluckiger, S., Schwab, M., Globalisierung – die zweite Welle. Was die Schweiz erwartet (Globalization: The Second Wave. What May Switzerland Expect), Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung, Zürich, Switzerland, 2010
  19. The Future of Coal, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2007 (as quoted in [18], p. 107)
  20. van Staden, A., The Collective Name BRICs: More than Fashionable Labelling? (in Dutch), Internationale Spectator, 65 (2011), 4, pp. 177-181
  21. Schmidt-Glintzer, H., Kleine Geschichte China (A Short History of China), C. H. Beck, Munich, Germany, 2008
  22. Hassal, S. J., Arctic Climate Impact Assessment: Impacts of a Warming Arctic – Highlights, Cambridge University Press, New York, USA, 2005
  23. Walter, K. M. et al., Methane Bubbling from Siberian Thaw Lakes as a Positive Feedback to Climate Warming, Nature, 443 (2006), pp. 71-75
  24. Yeager, B. B., The Ilulissat Declaration: Background and Implications for Arctic Governance. The Arctic Governance Project, 2008. http://arcticgovernance.custompublish.com/home.13203.en.html
  25. Hacquebord, L., Kopenhagen and the Future of the Arctic (in Dutch), Internationale Spectator, 63 (2009), 11, pp. 562-565
  26. Paskal, C., Global Warring – How Environmental, Economic, and Political Crises Will Redraw the World Map, Palgrave Macmillan, New York, USA, 2010
  27. ***, International Maritime Organisation, International Shipping and World Trade: Facts and Figures, 2008
  28. Sinn, H.-W., Das grüne Paradoxon. Plädoyer für eine illusionsfreie Klimapolitik (The Green Paradox, A Plea for an Illusion-Free Climate Policy), Econ Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 2008
  29. Luomi, M., Oil or Climate Politics?, The Finnish Institute of International Affairs, Briefing paper 58, 2010, pp. 1-10
  30. Trumper, K. et al., The Natural Fix? The Role of Ecosystems in Climate Mitigation, UN Environment Programme Rapid Response Assessment, UNEP, 2009, pp. 1-55
  31. Canadell, J. G., Raupach, M. R., Managing Forests for Climate Change Mitigation, Science, 320 (2008), 5882, pp. 1456-1457
  32. ***, Geoengineering the Climate: Science, Governance and Uncertainty, RS Policy document 10/09, The Royal Society, UK, pp. 10
  33. Stern, N., The Economics of Climate Change, American Economic Review, 98 (2008), 2, pp. 1-37
  34. Qiu, H., et al., Policy Options for China’s Bio-Ethanol Development and the Implications for its Agricultural Economy, China & World Economy, 16 (2008), 6, pp. 112-124
  35. Trieb, F., et al., Characterisation of Solar Electricity Import Corridors from MENA to Europe–Potential, Infrastructure and Cost, German Aerospace Centre (DLR), Stuttgart, Germany, 2009
  36. Climate Change and Water, (Eds. B. C. Bates, Z. W. Kundzewicz, S. Wu, J. P. Palutikof), Technical Paper of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC Secretariat, Geneva, 2008
  37. de Villiers, M., Water: the Fate of Our Most Precious Resource, McClelland & Stewart, Toronto, Canada, 2003
  38. ***, Climate Change 2007, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC: Fourth Assessment Report: The Physical Science Basis: Working Group I; Section 11.9.4: Sea Level Rise. Impacts. Adaptation and Vulnerability: Working Group II; Section 6.4.2.4: Human health. http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch6s6-4-2-4.html
  39. Butzengeiger, S., Horstmann, B., Sea-Level Rise in Bangladesh and The Netherlands: One Phenomenon, Many Consequences, Germanwatch, Berlin-Bonn, 2004
  40. Parry, M. L. et al., Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC, Chapter 16. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2007. http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_ipcc_fourth_assessment_report_wg2_report_impacts_adaptation_and_vulnerability.htm
  41. ***, US Department of Defence, Annual Report to Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China, Washington DC, 2010, pp. 22-23
  42. Stern, N., The Economics of Climate Change: The Stern Review, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2007
  43. Myers, N., Environmental Refugees: an Emergent Security Issue, Proceedings, 13th Economic Forum, Prague, 2005, EF.NGO/4/05, 22 May 2005, pp. 1-5
  44. Kniveton, D. et al., Climate Change and Migration: Improving Methodologies to Estimate Flows, International Organisation for Migration, Research Series, 33, 2008, p. 1-69
  45. McAdam, J., Environmental Migration Governance, Paper 1, Faculty of Law Research Series, University of New South Wales, UK, 2009, pp. 1-33
  46. Brown, O., Climate Change and Forced Migration: Observations, Projections and Implications, Human Development Report Office. Occasional paper 2007/17, pp. 1-35
  47. Piguet, E., Climate Change and Forced Migration: How Can International Policy Respond to Climate Change Induced Displacement?, New Issues in Refugee Research, Research paper 153, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Geneva, 2008
  48. ***, Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. Opened for signature 28 July 1951, 189. UNTS 150 (entered into force on April 22, 1954)
  49. Hodgkinson, D., et al.: The Hour when the Ships Comes, in: A Convention for Persons Displaced by Climate Change, 2010, http://www.ccdpconvention.com/documents/Hour_When_Ship_Comes_In.pdf
  50. ***, Global Risks 2012, 7th ed., World Economic Forum 2012, pp. 1-52
  51. Blinc, R. et al., How to Achieve a Sustainable Future for Europe?, Thermal Science, 12 (2008), 4, pp. 19-25

© 2017 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence