THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

HYDROGEOTHERMAL RESOURCES IN SPA AREAS OF SERBIA: MAIN PROPERTIES AND POSSIBLE IMPROVEMENT OF USE

ABSTRACT
Geological complexity of the territory of Serbia is a world curiosity: six main geo-tectonic regions and tens sub-regions are delineated in a small area of 88,000 km2. Geologic origin and regional structure of some areas has long been the subject of discussion. Notable magmatism and associated tectonic events in the Earth's crust provided for a fairly large hydrogeothermal resource potential, which is manifested in more than 250 warm (mainly mineral) springs and more than 100 hydrothermal wells. Thermal springs and wells together discharge some 5 m3/s. This potential is used in part for balneal therapy (waters differ in temperature and chemical composition) in the spa areas of Serbia. The amounts of thermal water unused therapeutically or the amounts of heat energy from unused geo-thermal water may be used in almost all spas for space heating/cooling and thus increase the efficiency of the thermal water energy utilization. This also will be cost-effective, reduce emission of noxious gases, and improve the environmental-health image of the resorts. The hydrogeothermal resources are described for 29 spas with 700 l/s total discharge capacity of water temperature between 25°C and 96ºC, or an overall heat energy of 78.40 MWt. Feasibility of additional energy utilization of thermal water in spas is generally considered.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2011-11-19
PAPER REVISED: 2011-12-23
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2011-12-25
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI1201021D
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2012, VOLUME 16, ISSUE 1, PAGES [21 - 30]
REFERENCES
  1. Di Pippo, R., Geothermal Power Plants, Principles, Applications, Case Studies and Environmental Impact, 2nd ed., Butterworth-Heinemann, Burlington, Mass., USA, 2008
  2. ***, Renewable Energy World Network, www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/tech/geothermal-energy
  3. Williams, C. F. , Reed, M. J., Anderson, A. F., Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resource, Proceedings, 36th Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, Cal., USA, 2011, SGP-TR-191
  4. ***, State Energy Conservation Office Texas (USA), www.seco.cpa.state.tx.us/publications/renewenergy
  5. Lund, J. W., Freeston, D. H., Boyd, T. L., Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy 2010 Worldwide Review, Geothermics, 40, (2011), 3, pp. 159-180
  6. Kober, L., Guidelines for the Tectonic of Yugoslavia (in German), Special Edition of Serbian Academy of Science and Art, vol.189, Belgrade, 1952
  7. Milivojević, M., Krunić, O., Martinović, M., Serbian Spas as a Base for Tourism Development, Proceedings, World Geothermal Congress, Antalya, Turkey, 2005, paper no. 2110
  8. Martinović, M., Milivojević, M., Serbia Country Update, Proceedings, World Geothermal Congress, Bali, Indonesia, 2010, paper no. 0164
  9. Martinović, M., Zlokolica-Mandić, M., Vukićević, Z., Geothermal Atlas of Vojvodina, Study Funded by Provincial Secretariat for Energy and Mineral Resources AP Vojvodina, Novi Sad, Serbia, 2010
  10. Protić, D., Mineral and Thermal Waters of Serbia (in Serbian), Geoinstitut, Special editions, vol. 17, Belgrade, Serbia, 1995, p. 35
  11. ***, Statute of Spa Areas of Serbia, Official Gazzete of RS 80/92, Belgrade, 1992
  12. ***, Associations of Serbian Spas, www.udruzenjebanja.co.rs
  13. Lund, J. W., Freeston, D. H., World-Wide Direct Uses of Geothermal Energy 2000, Geothermics, 30 (2001), 1, pp. 29-68
  14. Martinović, M., Magazinović, S., Hydrogeothermal Potentiality of Surdulica Granitoid Massif in Serbia, Proceedings, World Geothermal Congress, Bali, Indonesia, 2010, paper no. 1172
  15. Stojiljković, D., et al., Pilot Plant for Exploitation of Geothermal Waters, Thermal Science, 10 (2006), 4, pp. 195-203
  16. Martinović, M., et al., Hydrogeothermal Potential of Niš Basin (in Serbian), Proceedings, 1st Conference of the Sustainable Development and Climate Changes, Niš, Serbia, 2010, pp. 205-210
  17. Milanović, P., et al., Development of the Heating System Using Geothermal Energy, Thermal Science, 10 (2006), 4, pp. 211-218
  18. Milojević, S., et al., Using Geothermal Water for Greenhouse Heating, Thermal Science, 10 (2006), 4, pp. 205-209

© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence