International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

online first only

First-principles study of calcium-based sulfur fixers and their products

Calcium-based sulfur-fixing agent, as the main sulfur-fixing product, is widely used in power plant boiler systems. In order to further study the thermodynamic properties and reaction characteristics of calcium-based sulfur fixing agent and its products, the method of combining power plant experiment with theory was used. The electronic structure, thermodynamic properties and density of states of quicklime, limestone, calcium sulfate and calcium sulphoaluminate have been calculated based on the first-principles ultra-soft pseudopotential plane wave method of density functional theory. The generalized gradient approximation algorithm isused to optimize the structure of various minerals to achieve the most stable state. The results show that the enthalpy, entropy, specific heat capacity at constant pressure and Gibbs free energy of calcium sulfonate vary greatly from 25K to 1000K, while the change of calcium oxide is small, and that of calcium carbonate and calcium sulfate are between them. It shows that calcium sulphoaluminate has strong stability and more energy is needed to destroy the molecular structure of calcium sulphoaluminate. Calcium oxide is the most unstable and requires less energy to react; Calcium carbonate and calcium sulfate are in between. The variation range of calcium sulfate is greater than that of calcium carbonate, indicating that the stability of calcium sulfate is higher than that of calcium carbonate. The experimental results show that the desulfurization efficiency of generating calcium sulphoaluminate is much higher than that of only generating calcium sulfate, indicating that calcium sulphoaluminate is very stable, which is consistent with the calculated results.
PAPER REVISED: 2021-10-17
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2021-10-30
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