International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

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Effect of surface micromorphology and hydrophobicity on condensation efficiency of droplets using the lattice Boltzmann method

In the present study, the effects of the surface morphology and surface hydrophobicity on droplet dynamics and condensation efficiency are investigated using the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM). Different surface morphologies may have different condensation heat transfer efficiencies, resulting in diverse condensation rates under the same conditions. The obtained results show that among the studied morphologies, the highest condensation rate can be achieved for conical microstructures followed by the triangle microstructure, and the columnar microstructure has the lowest condensation rate. Moreover, it is found that when the surface microstructure spacing is smaller and the surface microstructure is denser, the condensation heat transfer between the surface structure and water vapor facilitates, thereby increasing the condensation efficiency of droplets. Furthermore, the condensation process of droplets is associated with the surface hydrophobicity. The more hydrophobic the surface, the more difficult the condensation heat transfer and the longer the required time for droplet nucleation. Meanwhile, a more hydrophobic surface means that it is harder for droplets to gather and merge, and the corresponding droplet condensation rate is also lower.
PAPER REVISED: 1970-01-01
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2021-07-17
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