International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links


We use fuel oil as an alternative fuel in compression ignition engines without modification. In this study, we performed tests at different engine speeds using diesel fuel oil fuel blends in a compression ignition engine. Energy and exergy analysis was carried out using the performance and emission values got from these tests. Through energy analysis, the energy distribution of the engine was determined and the thermal efficiency was calculated. The highest thermal efficiency is 34.76% on F40 fuel at 2250 rpm. In the exergy analysis, fuel exergy, exhaust exergy, entropy production, and exergy efficiency were calculated. The highest exergy destruction is 17.36 kW at 3250 rpm on D100 fuel. The exergy efficiency increases with engine speed. The highest exergy efficiency is 28.2% on F40 fuel at 2250 rpm.
PAPER REVISED: 2021-11-11
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2022-05-15
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2022, VOLUME 26, ISSUE Issue 4, PAGES [3079 - 3088]
  1. Khoobbakht, G., et al., Experimental Exergy Analysis of Transesterification in Biodiesel Production, Energy, 196 (2020), 117092
  2. Van Dyk, S., et al., Potential synergies of drop‐in biofuel production with further co‐processing at oil refineries. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 13 (2019), 3, pp. 760-775
  3. Deng, J., et al., A review of NOx and SOx Emission Reduction Technologies for Marine Diesel Engines and the Potential Evaluation of Liquefied Natural Gas Fuelled Vessels, Science of The Total Environment, 766 (2021), 144319
  4. Sinay, J., et al., Reduction of the NOx Emissions in Vehicle Diesel Engine in Order to Fulfill Future Rules Concerning Emissions Released into Air, Science of the Total Environment, 624 (2018), May, pp. 1421-1428
  5. Aleme, H. G., et al., Diesel Oil Discrimination by Origin and Type Using Physicochemical Properties and Multivariate Analysis, Fuel, 89 (2010), 11, pp. 3151-3156
  6. Van Vliet, O. P., et al., Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Production in a Well-to-Wheel Perspective: A Carbon, Energy Flow and Cost Analysis, Energy Conversion and Management, 50 (2009), 4, pp. 855-876
  7. Mahmudul, H. M., et al., Production, Characterization and Performance of Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel in Diesel Engines - A Review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 72 (2017), May, pp. 497-509
  8. Stamoudis, N., et al., A Two-Component Heavy Fuel Oil Evaporation Model for CFD Studies in Marine Diesel Engines, Fuel, 115 (2014), Jan., pp. 145-153
  9. Lujaji, F., et al., Cetane Number and Thermal Properties of Vegetable Oil, Biodiesel, 1-Butanol and Diesel Blends, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 102 (2010), 3, pp. 1175-1181
  10. Kuppili, S. K., et al., Biodiesel Properties Depending on Blends and Feedstocks: 155 Cloud Point, Kinematic Viscosity, and Flash Point, in: World Biodiesel Policies and Production, CRC Press, New York, USA, 2019, pp. 155-174
  11. Rakopoulos, D. C., et al., Effects of Ethanol-Diesel Fuel Blends on the Performance and Exhaust Emissions of Heavy Duty DI Diesel Engine, Energy Conversion and Management, 49 (2008), 11, pp. 3155-3162
  12. Lyyranen, J., et al., Aerosol Characterisation in Medium-Speed Diesel Engines Operating with Heavy Fuel Oils, Journal of Aerosol Science, 30 (1999), 6, pp. 771-784
  13. Serrano, J., et al., Prediction of Hydrogen-Heavy Fuel Combustion Process with Water Addition in an Adapted Low Speed Two Stroke Diesel Engine: Performance Improvement, Applied Thermal Engineering, 195 (2021), 117250
  14. Kuan, Y. H., et al., Study of the Combustion Characteristics of Sewage Sludge Pyrolysis Oil, Heavy Fuel Oil, and Their Blends, Energy, 201 (2020), 117559
  15. Ghashghaee, M., Shirvani, S., Two-Step Thermal Cracking of an Extra-Heavy Fuel Oil: Experimental Evaluation, Characterization, and Kinetics, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 57 (2018), 22, pp. 7421-7430
  16. Feng, L., et al., Combustion Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Using a Water-Emulsified Heavy Fuel Oil and Light Diesel Blend, Energies, 8 (2015), 12, pp. 13628-13640
  17. Garaniya, V., et al., Extensive Chemical Characterization of a Heavy Fuel Oil, Fuel, 227 (2018), Sept., pp. 67-78
  18. Hosseinzadeh-Bandbafha, H., et al., Exergetic, Economic, and Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Analyses of a Heavy-Duty Tractor Diesel Engine Fueled with Diesel-Biodiesel-Bioethanol Blends, Energy Conversion and Management, 241 (2021), 114300
  19. Dogan, B., et al., The Effect of Ethanol-Gasoline Blends on Performance and Exhaust Emissions of a Spark Ignition Engine through Exergy Analysis, Applied Thermal Engineering, 120 (2017), June, pp. 433-443
  20. Karagoz, M., et al., Exergetic and Exergoeconomic Analyses of a CI Engine Fueled with Diesel-Biodiesel Blends Containing Various Metal-Oxide Nanoparticles, Energy, 214 (2021), 118830
  21. Hoseinpour, M., et al., Energy and Exergy Analyses of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Diesel, Biodiesel-Diesel Blend and Gasoline Fumigation, Energy, 141 (2017), Dec., pp. 2408-2420
  22. Dogan, B., et al., A Study Toward Analyzing the Energy, Exergy, and Sustainability Index Based on Performance and Exhaust Emission Characteristics of a Spark-Ignition Engine Fuelled with the Binary Blends of Gasoline and Methanol or Ethanol, Uluslararası Mühendislik Araştırma ve Geliştirme Dergisi, 12 (2020), 2, pp. 529-548
  23. Karagoz, M., et al., Energy, Exergy, Economic and Sustainability Assessments of a Compression Ignition Diesel Engine Fueled with Tire Pyrolytic Oil - Diesel Blends, Journal of Cleaner Production, 264 (2020), 121724
  24. Odibi, C., et al., Exergy Analysis of a Diesel Engine with Waste Cooking Biodiesel and Triacetin, Energy Conversion and Management, 198 (2019), 111912
  25. Dogan, B., et al., Investigation on 1-Heptanol as an Oxygenated Additive with Diesel Fuel for Compression-Ignition Engine Applications: An Terms of Energy, Exergy, Exergoeconomic, Enviroeconomic, and Sustainability Analyses, Fuel, 275 (2020), 117973
  26. Das, A. K., et al., Energy, Exergy and Emission Analysis on a DI Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Using Pyrolytic Waste Plastic Oil Diesel Blend, Journal of the Energy Institute, 93 (2020), 4, pp. 1624-1633
  27. Nabi, M. N., et al., Energy, Exergy, Performance, Emission and Combustion Characteristics of Diesel Engine Using New Series of non-Edible Biodiesels, Renewable energy, 140 (2019), Sept., pp. 647-657
  28. Sarıkoc, S., et al., An Experimental Study on Energy-Exergy Analysis and Sustainability Index in a Diesel Engine with Direct Injection Diesel-Biodiesel-Butanol Fuel Blends, Fuel, 268 (2020), 117321
  29. Aghbashlo, M., et al., Exergy, Economic, and Environmental Assessment of Ethanol Dehydration Diesel Fuel Additive Diethyl Ether, Fuel, 308 (2022), 121918
  30. Jannatkhah, J., et al., Energy and Exergy Analysis of Combined ORC-ERC System for Biodiesel-Fed Diesel Engine Waste Heat Recovery, Energy Conversion and Management, 209 (2020), 112658
  31. Cavalcanti, E. J.,. Energy, Exergy and Exergoenvironmental Analyses on Gas-Diesel Fuel Marine Engine Used for Trigeneration System, Applied Thermal Engineering, 184 (2021), 116211
  32. Moran, M. J., et al., Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 2010
  33. Sanli, B. G., Uludamar, E., Energy and Exergy Analysis of a Diesel Engine Fuelled with Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels at Various Engine Speeds, Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, 42 (2020), 11, pp. 1299-1313
  34. Erol, D., et al., The Investigation of an Energetic and Exergetic Performance Characteristics of a Beta-Type Stirling Engine with a Rhombic Drive Mechanism, Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, 43 (2021), 4, pp. 1-19
  35. Dogan, B., et al., The Investigation of Exergoeconomic, Sustainability and Environmental Analyses in an SI Engine Fuelled with Different Ethanol-Gasoline Blends, International Journal of Exergy, 32 (2020), 4, pp. 412-436

© 2023 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence