International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links


One of the biggest problems in the world and in our country is energy. Energy use in Turkey is increasing gradually. As a result, an economic burden is created on the country with energy dependent on foreign sources. For this reason, energy should be used in the most efficient way to reduce energy costs and environmental impacts. It is one of the places where energy use is high in hospitals operating on a 24-hour basis. In this study, exergy and energy analysis of autoclave devices in the sterilization unit of Isparta Suleyman Demirel University Research and Appli­cation Hospital were made and the energy recovery potential was evaluated. As a result of the calculations, the average exergy loss of the autoclave was found to be 1.0376 kW, and as a result of the energy analysis, the average loss in the boiler was found to be 0.117655 kW. Similarly, the energy and exergy efficiency of the autoclave were calculated as 10% and 89.75%, respectively.
PAPER REVISED: 2021-10-11
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2022-04-23
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2022, VOLUME 26, ISSUE Issue 4, PAGES [2955 - 2961]
  1. Williams, J. M., et al., Energy Consumption in Large Acute Hospitals, Energy & Environment, 6 (1995), 2, pp. 119-134
  2. Yolci, M., Tanyıldızı, H., Sağlık işletmelerinde faaliyet tabanlı maliyet analizi: Özel bir hastanede radyoloji birim maliyetlerinin hesaplanması (in Turkish), Hitit Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 11 (2018), 3, pp. 2288-2303
  3. Bengu, H., Arslan, S., Hastane işletmesinde faaliyet tabanlı maliyetleme uygulaması (in Turkish), Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İİBF Dergisi, 1 (2009), 2, pp 55-78
  4. Acar, E., A Study of an Energy-Intensive Factory in the Context of Energy Efficiency (in Turkish), M.Sc. thesis, Gazi University Institute of Science and Technology, Ankara, Turkey, 2012
  5. ***, Anonim, T. C. ETKB Enerji ve Tabii Kaynaklar Bakanlığı. Enerji ve Tabii Kaynaklar Bakanlığı ile Bağlı, İlgili ve İlişkili Kuruluşlarının Amaç ve Faaliyetleri, 2016
  6. Resmi Gazete, T. C. ETKB, Enerji Kaynaklarının ve Enerjinin Kullanımında Verimliliğin Artırılmasına Dair Yönetmelik, 2011
  7. Karanfil, G., et al., Experimental Investigation of Waste Heat Recovery Systems and Heat Yield Parameters, European Journal of Science and Technology, 19 (2020), pp. 127-137
  8. ***, Anonim, IEA, Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Turkey, Paris: International Energy Agency, 2016
  9. ***, Sağlık Bakanlığı, Sağlık Bakanlığı İstatistik Yıllığı 2017,,11588/istatistikyilliklari.html, 2019
  10. Cakmak, B. M., Energy Efficiency in the Turkish Health Sector, (Eds. Aydin, C., Darici, B.), Handbook of Energy and Environment Policy, Peter Lang, Berlin, Germany, 2019
  11. Teke, A., et al., Calculating Pay-Back Periods for Energy Efficiency Improvement Applications at a University Hospital, Çukurova Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, 30 (2015), 1, pp. 41-56
  12. Beypazarli, S., et al., İklimlendirme sistemlerinde enerji verimliliği ve konfor artışı için alternatif bir yöntemin analizi (in Turkish), İleri Teknoloji Bilimleri Dergisi, 5 (2016), 2, pp. 52-65
  13. Albert, H., et al., Biological Indicators for Steam Sterilization: Characterization of a Rapid Biological Indicator Utilizing Bacillus Stearothermophilus Spore‐Associated Alpha‐Glucosidase Enzyme, Journal of Applied Microbiology, 85 (1998), 5, pp. 865-874
  14. Panta, G., et al., Effectiveness of Steam Sterilization of Reusable Medical Devices in Primary and Cecondary Care Public Hospitals in Nepal and Factors Associated with Ineffective Sterilization: A Nation-Wide Cross-Sectional Study, Plos One, 14 (2019) 11, e0225595
  15. Castillo, R. B., Establishment of Penetration Time on Medical Device Product Families Based on ISO 17665-3 during Performance Qualification of Steam Sterilization: A Case Study, Proceedings, 18th Word Sterilization Congress, Bonn, Germany, 2017, pp. 4-7
  16. Kanmaz, N., Tıbbi Sterilizasyonun Kontrolünde Kullanılan Biyoindikatör Sistemi, Pamukkale Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Biyomedikal Mühendisliği (in Turkish), 2021
  17. ***, Autoclave,, 2020
  18. Karadag, A., Otoklav ile Sterilizasyon, Proceedings, Inter. Sterilization Disinfection Cong., London, UK, 2005
  19. Ener Rusen, S., et al., Investigation of Energy Saving Potentials of a Food Factory by Energy Audit, Journal of Engineering Research and Applied Science, 20 (2018), 1, pp. 848-60

© 2024 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence