International Scientific Journal


The preliminary thermogravimetric studies of co-pyrolyzed low rank coals (lignites Kostolac and Kolubara) with waste materials (spent coffee ground and waste rubber granulate) in a form of blends have been performed. Thermal analysis measurements of blend samples were carried out in a nitrogen, atmosphere at three different heating rates of 10, 15, and 20 K per minute. The coal-waste blends were prepared in the percentage ratios of 90:10, 80:20, and 70:30. This work analyzed the synergy analysis for considered blends shown via descriptive parameters during co-pyrolysis process. According to the performed analysis, the presence of synergistic effect was identified, where strong interactions were also observed. For lignite-spent coffee ground blends, it was found that two factors which affect the synergy effect with coal are concentration of added biomass material and the heating rate. For lignite-tire rubber granulate blends, the blending ratio take on a decisive role for positive consequences of a synergistic effect (ratios below 30% of tire rubber granulate in coals are desirable). Also, in this work the influence of micro-scale condition parameters such as heating rate (as the experimental regulatory factor) was analyzed on the magnitude response of synergism during co-pyrolysis.
PAPER REVISED: 2021-10-01
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2021-10-04
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THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2022, VOLUME 26, ISSUE Issue 3, PAGES [2211 - 2224]
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© 2023 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence