International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links


In order to meet the increasing demand for nanofibers and overcome the disadvantages of traditional electrospinning technology, it is necessary to research an electrospinning device that can produce nanofibers efficiently. In this paper, a free surface electrospinning device was improved, and a spherical section free surface electrospinning device was developed to prepare high-quality polyacrylo-nitrile nanofibers in batches. Meanwhile, MAXWELL 3-D software was used to simulate the electric field distribution of the spherical section free surface electro-spinning with solution reservoirs of different spherical radii. The influence of the spherical radius on the spinning effect was analyzed to study the spinning mechanism. The results showed that when the applied voltage was 40 kV, the electric field distribution of the spherical section free surface electrospinning with a larger spherical radius was more uniform, the nanofiber diameter was larger, the nanofiber diameter distribution was more uniform, and the yield of nanofibers was higher. When the spherical radius was 75 mm, the quality of nanofibers was better, and the yield could reach the maximum value of 14.35 g per hour, due to its higher average electric field intensity and uniform electric field distribution.
PAPER REVISED: 2021-03-18
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2021-03-18
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2022, VOLUME 26, ISSUE Issue 3, PAGES [2527 - 2534]
  1. Zha, F., et al., Electrospun Natural Polymer and Its Composite Nanofibrous Scaffolds for Nerve Tissue Engineering, Journal of Biomaterials Science-Polymer Edition, 31 (2019), 4, pp. 519-548
  2. Leung, W. W. F., et al., Electrostatic Charged Nanofiber Filter for Filtering Airborne Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) and Nano-Aerosols, Separation and Purification Technology, 250 (2020), Nov., ID 116886
  3. Huan, L., et al., Structure and Sound Absorption Properties of Spiral Vane Electrospun PVA/PEO Nano-fiber Membranes, Applied Sciences, 8 (2018), 2, ID 296
  4. Yin, J., et al., Batch Preparation of Electrospun Polycaprolactone/Chitosan/Aloe Vera Blended Nano-fiber Membranes for Novel Wound Dressing, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 160 (2020), Oct., pp. 352-363
  5. Niu, B., et al., Electrospinning of Zein-Ethyl Cellulose Hybrid Nanofibers with Improved Water Re-sistance for Food Preservation, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 142 (2020), Jan., pp. 592-599
  6. Zhang, H., et al., A Novel Self-Assembly Approach for Synthesizing Nanofiber Aerogel Supported Plat-inum Single Atoms, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 8 (2020), 30, pp. 15094-15102
  7. Kang, J., et al., Porous Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate) Scaffolds Prepared by Non-Solvent-Induced Phase Separation for Tissue Engineering, Macromolecular Research, 28 (2020), 9, pp. 835-843
  8. Kong, C. S., et al., Nano-Web Formation by the Electrospinning at Various Electric Fields, Journal of Materials Science, 42 (2007), 19, pp. 8106-8112
  9. Zhou, Y., et al., Novel Method for Preparation of Continuously Twisted Nanofiber Yarn Based on a Combination of Stepped Airflow Electrospinning and Friction Twisting, Journal of Materials Science, 53 (2018), 22, pp. 15735-15745
  10. Liu, Y., et al. Homogeneous Field Intensity Control During Multi-Needle Electrospinning via Finite El-ement Analysis and Simulation, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 13 (2013), 2, pp. 843-847
  11. Lukas, D., et al., Self-Organization of Jets in Electrospinning for Free Liquid Surface: A Generalized Approach, Journal of Applied Physics, 103 (2008), 8, ID 084309
  12. Yarin, A. L., et al., Upward Needleless Electrospinning of Multiple Nanofibers, Polymer, 45 (2004), 9, pp. 2977-2980
  13. Forward, K. M., et al., Free Surface Electrospinning from a Wire Electrode, Chemical Engineering Journal, 183 (2012), Feb., pp. 492-503
  14. Tan, H. L., et al., High‐Throughput Fabrication of Carbonized Electrospun Polyacrylonitrile/Poly (Acrylic Acid) Nanofibers with Additives for Enhanced Electrochemical Sensing, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 137 (2020), 43, ID e49341
  15. Ali, U., et al., Needleless Electrospinning Using Sprocket Wheel Disk Spinneret, Journal of Materials Science, 52 (2017), 12, pp. 7567-7577
  16. Keirouz, A., et al., High-Throughput Production of Silk Fibroin-Based Electrospun Fibers as Biomateri-al for Skin Tissue Engineering Applications, Materials science and Engineering C, 12 (2020), July, ID 110939
  17. He, J. H., Nano Bubble Dynamics in Spider Spinning System, Journal of Animal and Veterinary Ad-vances, 7 (2008), 2, pp. 207-209
  18. Shao, Z., et al., Formation Mechanism of Highly Aligned Nanofibers by a Modified Bubble-Electrospinning, Thermal Science, 22 (2018), 1A, pp. 5-10
  19. Cheng, T., et al., Effect of Surface Active Agent on Bubble-Electrospun Polyacrylonitrile Nanofibers, Thermal Science, 23 (2019), 4, pp. 2481-2487
  20. Yin, J., et al., Numerical Approach to High-Throughput of Nanofibers by a Modified Bubble-Electrospinning, Thermal Science, 24 (2020), 4, pp. 2367-2375
  21. Shao, Z., et al., High-Throughput Fabrication of Quality Nanofibers Using a Modified Free Surface Electrospinning, Nanoscale Research Letters, 12 (2017), 1, ID 470
  22. Fang, Y., et al., Four Self-Made Free Surface Electrospinning Devices for High-Throughput Preparation of High-Quality Nanofibers, Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, 10 (2019), 1, pp. 2261-2274
  23. Ahmed, A., et al., High-Throughput Free Surface Electrospinning Using Solution Reservoirs with Dif-ferent Radii and its Preparation Mechanism Study, Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 9 (2020), 4, pp. 9059-9072
  24. Li, X. X., et al., Gecko-Like Adhesion in the Electrospinning Process, Results in Physics, 16 (2020), Mar., 102899
  25. Li, X. X., He, J. H., Nanoscale Adhesion and Attachment Oscillation Under the Geometric Potential, Part 1: The Formation Mechanism of Nanofiber Membrane in the Electrospinning, Results in Physics, 12 (2019), Mar., pp. 1405-1410
  26. Peng, N. B., He, J. H., Insight into the Wetting Property of a Nanofiber Membrane by the Geometrical Potential, Recent Patents on Nanotechnology, 14 (2020), 1, pp. 64-70
  27. Tian, D., et al., Macromolecule Orientation in Nanofibers, Nanomaterials, 8 (2018), 11, 918
  28. Tian, D, He, J. H., Control of Macromolecule Chains Structure in a Nanofiber, Polymers, 12 (2020), 10, 2305
  29. Tian, D., et al., Electrospun Mussel-derived Silk Fibers, Recent Patents on Nanotechnology, 14 (2020), 1, pp. 14-20

© 2024 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence