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Solar ponds are systems that store solar energy in salt water as heat energy. In order to store heat energy for a long time in solar pond, the heat insulation should be done well. In this study, the effect of phase change materials was investigated to improve the insulation of the pond and to store the heat energy for a longer time. The melting temperature is a key parameter in the selection of phase change materials. The temperature distribution of the solar pond was examined and phase change materials with melting temperatures in the range of the pond average temperature ±10°C were selected. Three different phase change materials were used in the walls of the solar pond for insulation. The temperature and enthalpy changes of the system were calculated numerically for a year. The heat storage ratio of the solar pond was determined by using the obtained enthalpy and solar radiation data. Consequently, the heat storage ratio of the pond with glass-wool is maximum 20.95% in July and minimum 7.92% in January. The heat storage ratio of the solar pond which paraffin C18, capric acid and paraffin 44 are used as phase change materials is maximum 32.22%, 34.85%, and 47.81% in December, respectively. It is observed that the appropriate selection of phase change materials is provided a longer storage time for solar ponds.
PAPER REVISED: 2021-04-07
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2021-04-09
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THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2022, VOLUME 26, ISSUE Issue 2, PAGES [1799 - 1808]
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© 2022 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence