THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

DESIGN OF AUTOMATION CONTROL THERMAL SYSTEM INTEGRATED WITH PARABOLIC TROUGH COLLECTOR BASED SOLAR PLANT

ABSTRACT
This paper presents enhanced design for automation control of processes involved in a solar system which utilizes programmable logic controller to auto-mate tracking system for obtaining maximum solar radiation. Three areas are involved in this proposed multi area system where 1st and 2nd area considers solar power plant with thermal system based parabolic trough collector with fixed so-lar isolation and random isolation of solar energy whereas third area comprises of solar thermal system with dish Stirling realistic unit. Energy efficiency can be increased by using solar concentrator along with Stirling engine. Optimization of gain of the controller is by utilizing crow search novel algorithm. Crow search algorithm is an optimization technique, which provides better performance at complex time varying noisy condition and time in-varying noisy condition. The proposed controller is evaluated by obtaining the optimized parameters of the system whose comparison is done by operating proposed controller with and without renewable sources of energy thereby revealing better performance for both conditions. Testing is done in different areas with fixed solar isolation and random stisolation of solar energy involved in solar thermal power plant based on parabolic trough collector. Gain and parameters of the controller of the solar power plant are optimized by utilizing automation for operation of solar concentrator with parabolic trough collector. Data acquisition and monitoring is done by human machine interface in order to report safe operation. The simulation results of integrated solar thermal system involving dish Stirling with parabolic trough collector, shows that dynamic response of the proposed controller operating with renewable solar energy is better than that of non-renewable energy source.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2020-11-13
PAPER REVISED: 2021-02-18
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2021-05-15
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2021-06-19
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI201113218N
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2022, VOLUME 26, ISSUE Issue 2, PAGES [947 - 954]
REFERENCES
  1. Ibraheem, N., & Bhatti, T.S., AGC of two area power system interconnected by AC/DC links with diverse sources in each area, Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., 55 (2014), pp. 297-304.
  2. Asadur, R., et al., Maiden application of hybrid pattern search biogeography based optimisation technique in automatic generation control of a multi-area system incorporating interline power flow controller, IET Gener. Transm. Distrib., 10 (2016), 7, pp. 1654-1662.
  3. Wagener, M. C., et al., Hole capture and emission dynamics of type-II GaSb/GaAs quantum ring solar cells, Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells, 189 (2019), pp. 233-238.
  4. Najar, S., et al., Improving thermal model for oil temperature estimation in power distribution transformers, Appl. Thermal Eng., 119 (2017), pp. 73-78
  5. Venkatesh, R., et al., Performance Evaluation of Multipurpose Solar Heating System, Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering, 20 (2016), 4, pp. 359 - 370.
  6. Wang, L., & Huang, C.C., Dynamic stability analysis of a grid-connected solar concentrated ocean thermal energy conversion system, IEEE Trans. Sust. Energy, 1 (2010), 1, pp. 10-18.
  7. Dowling A.W., et al., Economic assessment of concentrated solar power technologies: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 72 (2017), pp. 1019-1032
  8. Sharma, Y., & Saikia, L.C., Automatic generation control of a multi-area ST - thermal power system using grey wolf optimizer algorithm based classical controllers, Electr. Power Energy Syst., 73 (2015), pp. 853-862.
  9. Suresh Isravel, R., et al., Thermal augmentation in parabolic trough collector solar water heater using rings attached twisted tapes, Materials Today Proceeding, 21 (2020),1, pp. 127-129.
  10. Mou, J., Gas action effect of free piston Stirling engine. Energy Conversion and Management, 110 (2016), pp: 278-286.
  11. Gedeon, D., Sage User's Guide, Stirling, Pulse-Tube and Low-T Cooler Model Classes.10th ed. Athens, OH: Gedeon Associates, 2014. Sage v10 Edition.
  12. Mikhael, N., et al., CFD Simulation and Losses Analysis of a Beta-Type Stirling Engine. Port-Said Engineering Research Journal, 22(2018), 2, pp.85-101.
  13. Organ, A.J., Regenerator analysis simplified. Proceedings of Europaisches Stirling Forum, 35 (2000), pp. 27-37.
  14. Dobre, C., et al., Beta Type Stirling Engine. Schmidt and Finite Physical Dimensions Thermodynamics Methods Faced to Experiments.,Entropy, 22 (2020), 11, pp. 1278 - 1292.
  15. Ferre, A.J., et al., Blending HVDC-link energy storage and offshore wind turbine inertia for fast frequency response, IEEE Trans. Sust. Energy, 6 (2015), 3, pp. 1059-1066.
  16. Açıkkalp, E., et al., Solar driven Stirling engine - chemical heat pump - absorption refrigerator hybrid system as environmental friendly energy system, Journal of Environmental Management, 232 (2019), 2-9, pp. 455-461
  17. Rakhshani, E., & Rodriguez, P., Inertia emulation in AC/DC interconnected power systems using derivative technique considering frequency measurement effects, IEEE Trans. Power Syst., 32 (2017), 5, pp. 3338-3351.
  18. Anbuchezhian. N., et al., Novel Design of Hybrid Steam Turbine Reflector Based Controller for Solar Power Plant, 14 (2020), 9, pp. 572-578. doi.org/10.15866/ireme.v14i9.19510
  19. Krishnamoorthy, R., et. al., Design and Implementation of IoT based Energy Management System with Data Acquisition, 2020 7th International Conference on Smart Structures and Systems (ICSSS), Chennai, India, (2020), pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/ICSSS49621.2020.9201997

© 2022 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence