THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

DETERMINATION OF THE DRAG COEFFICIENT OF LATTICE STRUCTURES UNDER WIND LOAD USING POROUS MEDIA APPROACH

ABSTRACT
The power transmitters, guyed masts and other lattice structures are exposed to wind action. The aerodynamic forces acting on tall tower constructions have crucial importance on the stability of the structure. The lattice structure drag coefficient determination is the subject of the international standards ESDU 81027 and 81028 and Eurocode 3 Part 3.1, but it can also be determined by numerical methods. For that purpose modelling using CFD proved to be both accurate and reliable. In this study the fluid-flow around the segment of a power transmitter was simulated by a 3-D model, where the geometry of the segment is approximated with a porous structure having the appropriate factor of porosity, in order to simplify the geometry. We have used three representative models of turbulence, standard k-ε model, RNG k-ε model, and Reynolds stress model. Drag coefficient values are extracted from the flow field and compared for all studied cases and with available experimental results from the wind tunnel. Simulations were performed for four wind velocities between 10 m/s and 30 m/s. The results are supplemented by the ones obtained by artificial neural network. The aim of this study is to show how the simple turbulence model coupled with approximated geometry can be used in the analysis of the aerodynamic forces acting on the lattice structure.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2021-05-11
PAPER REVISED: 2021-06-05
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2021-06-11
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2021-07-10
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI210511233P
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2022, VOLUME 26, ISSUE Issue 1, PAGES [309 - 317]
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© 2022 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence