International Scientific Journal

External Links


In this study, a high voltage heater system with a size of 310 mm × 210 mm × 60 mm has been numerically studied and experimentally verified to explore the influence of the cavity structure on the flow and heat transfer performance. The response surface model and analysis of variance are used to determine the influence of the length of the mainstream area of the inlet, Lin, the length of the mainstream area of the outlet, Lout, the length of the parallel flow channel, Lch, and the single channel width, W, on the flow heat transfer, and ultimately find the best structural plan. The results show that the structural parameters of the parallel flow channel are significantly more important than those of the mainstream area, with the width and length of the parallel single channel being the primary and secondary structural parameters, respectively. The optimization scheme obtained by the NGSA-II algorithm can simultaneously meet the requirements of heat transfer and flow uniformity. Specifically, compared with the original model, the flow distribution uniformity coefficient, S, and the inlet/outlet pressure drop, Ptotal, decreased by 53.49% and 19.52%, respectively, while the average heat transfer coefficient increased by 28.05%.
PAPER REVISED: 2021-01-21
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2021-02-08
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2022, VOLUME 26, ISSUE Issue 1, PAGES [735 - 752]
  1. Alipanah, M., Li, X., Numerical studies of lithium-ion battery thermal management systems using phase change materials and metal foams, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer. 102, (2016), 1159-1168.
  2. Liu, H. L., Shi, H. B., Shen, H., et al. The performance management of a Li-ion battery by using tree-like mini-channel heat sinks: Experimental and numerical optimization, Energy. 189(PT.1), (2019), 116150.1-116150.15.
  3. Feng, X., Hu, J., Analysis and optimization control of finned heat dissipation performance for automobile power lithium battery pack, Thermal Science, 24, (2020), 24:132-132.
  4. Wang, R. J., Pan, Y. H., Nian, Y. L., Cheng, L. W., Study on dynamic thermal control performance of positive temperature coefficient (PTC) material based on a novel heat transfer model considering internal heat transfer, Applied Thermal Engineering, 165, (2020), 114452.
  5. Kim, K. Y., Kim, S. C., Kim, M. S., Experimental Studies on the Heating Performance of the PTC Heater and Heat Pump Combined System in Fuel Cells and Electric Vehicles, International Journal of Automotive Technology. 13, (2012), 6, 971-977.
  6. Yoon, S., Seungkyu, S., Sung, K., Performance Characteristics of a Modularized and Integrated PTC Heating System for an Electric Vehicle, Energie, 9, (2016), 1, 3821-3838.
  7. Lee, D., Cho, C., Won, J., Lee, M., Performance Characteristics of Mobile Heat Pump for a Large Passenger Electric Vehicle, Applied Thermal Engineering. 50, (2013), 1, 660-669.
  8. Jamil, S. R., Wang, L., Che, D., Techno‐economic analysis of a novel hybrid heat pump system to recover waste heat and condensate from the low‐temperature boiler exhaust gas, International Journal of Energy Research. 44, (2020), 5, 3821-3838.
  9. Ishaque, S., Siddiqui, M. I. H., Kim, M. H., Effect of heat exchanger design on seasonal performance of heat pump systems, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 151, (2020), 119404.
  10. Hainzlmaier, C., Regueiro, A. S., Lappe, M., New Methods of Heating Hybrid and Electric Vehicles. SAE paper, (2015), 2015-01-1711.
  11. Alneama, A., Kapur, N., Summeret, J., Thompson, H. M., An Experimental and Numerical Investigation of the Use of Liquid Flow in Serpentine Microchannels for Microelectronics Cooling, Applied Thermal Engineering, 116, (2017), 709-723.
  12. Rostami, L., Puriya, M., Vatani, A., A Numerical Investigation of Serpentine Flow Channel with Different Bend Sizes in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells, Energy, 97, (2016), 400-410.
  13. Dong, F., Feng, Y., Wang, Z., Ni, J., Effects on thermal performance enhancement of pin-fin structures for insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) cooling in high voltage heater system, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 146, (2019), 106106.
  14. Shian, L., Sundén, B., Numerical study on thermal performance of non-uniform flow channel designs for cooling plates of PEM fuel cells, Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A, 74, (2018), 1, 917-930.
  15. Li, Y., Shen, B.B., Yan, H.B., Sandra, K.S., Xie, G.N., Heat transfer enhancement of rotating wedge-shaped channels with pin fins and Kagome lattices, Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A, 77, (2020), 12, 1014-1033.
  16. Li, J., Peterson, G., 3-Dimensional Numerical Optimization of Silicon-based High Performance Parallel Microchannel Heat Sink with Liquid Flow, International Journal of Heat & Mass Transfer, 50, (2007), (15-16), 2895-2904.
  17. Zhang, W., Hu, P., Lai, X., Peng, L., Analysis and Optimization of Flow Distribution in Parallel-channel Configurations for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Journal of Power Sources, 192, (2009), 2, 931-940.
  18. Cao, X., Liu, H. L., Shao, X. D., et al. Thermal performance of double serpentine minichannel heat sinks: Effects of inlet-outlet arrangements and through-holes, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 153, (2020), 119575.
  19. Cao, X., Liu, H. L., Shao, X. D., Heat Transfer Performance of a Novel Multi-Baffle-Type Heat Sink. Entropy, Entropy, 20, (2018), 979.
  20. Ahmed, A. I., Nabeel S, M., Hayder, M. J., Numerical and experimental investigation of heat transfer in liquid cooling serpentine mini-channel heat sink with different new configuration models, Thermal Science and Engineering Progress, 6, (2018), 128-139.
  21. Maharudrayya, S., Jayanti, S., Deshpande, A., Flow Distribution and Pressure Drop in Parallel-channel Configurations of Planar Fuel Cells, Power Sources, 144, (2005), 1, 94-106.
  22. Huang, W., Zhu, Q., Flow Distribution in U-type Layers or Stacks of Planar Fuel Cells, Journal Power Sources, 178, (2008), 1, 353-362.
  23. Liu, H. L., Shao, Y. Q., Chen, Z. T., Heat transfer and flow performance of a novel T type heat sink with GaInSn coolant, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 144, (2019), 129-146.
  24. Liu, H. L., An, X. K., Wang, C. S., Heat transfer performance of T-Y type micro-channel heat sink with liquid GaInSn coolant, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 120, (2017), 203-219.
  25. Biswal, L., Chakraborty, S., Som, S., Design and Optimization of Single-phase Liquid Cooled Microchannel Heat Sink, IEEE Transactions on Components & Packaging Technologies. 32, (2010), 4, 876-886.
  26. Wang, J., Pressure Drop and Flow Distribution in Parallel-channel Configurations of Fuel Cells: U-type arrangement, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 33, (2008), 21, 6339-6350.
  27. Wang, J., Pressure Drop and Flow Distribution in Parallel-channel Configurations of Fuel Cells: Z-type arrangement, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 35, (2010), 11, 5489-5509.
  28. Tong, J., Sparrow, E., Abraham, J., Geometric Strategies for Attainment of Identical Outflows Through All of the Exit Ports of a Distribution Manifold in a Manifold System, Applied Thermal Engineerin,. 29, (2009), 17, 3552-3560.
  29. Ghozatloo, A., Rashidi, A., Shariaty, N., Convective Heat Transfer Enhancement of Graphene Nanofluids in Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger, Experimental Thermal & Fluid Science, 53, (2014), 2, 136-141.
  30. Rakhimov, A.C., Visser, D.C., Komen, E.M.J., Uncertainty Quantification method for CFD validated for turbulent mixing experiments from GEMIX. Nuclear Engineering and Design. 358, (2020), (Mar.), 110444.1-110444.8.
  31. Ganapathy, T., Gakkhar, R., Murugesan, K., Optimization of Performance Parameters of Diesel Engine with Jatropha Biodiesel Using Response Surface Methodology, International Journal of Solar Energy, 30, (2011), (sup1), 76-90.
  32. Park, J., Kim, B., Sohn, D., Choi, Y., Lee, Y., A Study on Flow Characteristics and Flow Uniformity for the Efficient Design of a Flow Frame in a Redox Flow Battery, Applied Sciences, 10, (2020), 3, 929.
  33. Jeong, S., Chiba, K., Obayashi, S., Data Mining for Aerodynamic Design Space, Journal of Aerospace Computing Information & Communication, 2, (2005), 11, 452-162.
  34. Deb, K., Agrawal, S., Pratap, A., T. Meyarivan, A Fast Elitist Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm for Multi-objective Optimization: NSGA-II, Parallel Problem Solving from Nature PPSN VI. 1917,(2000), 849-858.
  35. Yang, K., He, Y., Ma, Z., Multi-objective Steady-state Optimization of Two-chamber Microbial Fuel Cells, Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering,25(08), (2017), 1000-1012.

© 2024 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence