International Scientific Journal


In this study, the flow and heat transfer characteristics of the forced pulsating Al2O3-water nanofluid were numerically studied. The pulsating excitation of the nanofluid is provided by the Helmhertz self-excited oscillating cavity. The large eddy simulation method is used to solve the equation, and the local Nusselt number and heat transfer performance index are used to analyze the heat transfer characteristics of the nanofluid in the self-excited oscillation heat exchange tube. In addition, the effect of different downstream tube diameters on heat transfer enhancement is discussed. The research results show that the existence of the countercurrent vortex can increase the disturbance of the near-wall fluid, thereby improving the mixing degree of the near-wall fluid and the central mainstream. As the countercurrent vortex migrates downstream, pulse enhanced heat transfer is realized. Furthermore, it was also found that when the downstream tube diameter d2 = 1.8d1, the periodic effect of the local Nusselt number of the wall is the best and the heat transfer performance index has the most stable pulsation effect within a pulsation cycle. But when d2 = 2.0d1, the change curve of heat transfer performance index in a pulsating period is the highest, the maximum value is 3.95.
PAPER REVISED: 2021-03-05
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2021-03-11
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THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2022, VOLUME 26, ISSUE Issue 1, PAGES [489 - 501]
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