International Scientific Journal


This paper demonstrates a numerical study on heat transfer characteristics of laminar flow in a double-layered oblique finned heat sink using nanofluids with Al2O3 nanoparticles. Micro-channel heat sink with primary channel width of 0.5 mm with aspect ratio of 3 is employed. Instead of having conventional straight fins, oblique fins with narrow secondary channels are used. In this numerical study, single-phase fluid model with conjugate heat transfer is considered. The numerical modeling was first validated with existing data for double-layered conventional micro-channel heat sink having water (base fluid) as the working fluid. Numerical investigations on oblique finned micro-channel heat sink were then conducted for flow rates ranging from 3 ⋅ 10–7 to 15 ⋅ 10–7 m3/s, equivalent to primary channel inlet velocity in between 0.2 and 1.0 m/s. It was found that double-layered oblique finned configuration yields better heat transfer performance, inferred by the lower overall thermal resistance obtained as compared with that of double-layered conventional heat sink. Employing double-layered oblique finned heat sink, the heat transfer performance could be further enhanced, by using nanoparticles that are added into water-based fluid. It is found that the reduction of overall thermal resistance is proportional to the volume fraction of nanoparticles. Using cross-flow double-layered oblique finned configuration, the largest reduction in the overall thermal resistance can reach up to 25%, by using nanofluids with 4% volume fraction of Al2O3 nanoparticles.
PAPER REVISED: 2020-11-07
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-11-10
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THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2022, VOLUME 26, ISSUE Issue 1, PAGES [477 - 488]
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