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A walking beam type reheating furnace with advanced control technology has been evaluated by combined energy and exergy analysis. In order to gain insight into the performance of the present furnace, the results of energy analysis are compared with those in published papers and the irreversibility of the furnace is analyzed via exergy destruction calculation. The results show that slabs preheated before charged into the furnace can save fuel and improve energy utilization. The structure and material of the wall and roof show good thermal insulation. However, the oxidized scale is a little more and the temperature of flue gas is high in the present reheating furnace. The energy efficiency of the furnace is 71.01%, while exergy efficiency is 51.41%, indicating a potential for energy-saving improvements of the present furnace. The exergy destruction of the furnace accounts for 28.36% of total exergy input which is mainly caused by heat transfer through a finite temperature difference (14.71%), fuel combustion (11.66%), and scale formation (1.99%).
PAPER REVISED: 2020-07-14
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-07-15
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THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2021, VOLUME 25, ISSUE Issue 6, PAGES [4749 - 4760]
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