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The Istanbul Strait is one of the choke points in the international maritime trade. 44868 ships have passed through the Istanbul Strait in the last two years. These merchant ships are emitting exhaust gas emissions such as CO2, NOx, SOx inten­sively. These pollutants also affect human health and the environment. There is a consensus among scientists that ambient concentrations of particulate matter and SOx have negative health impacts, including asthma, heart attacks, hospital admissions, and premature mortality. In this study, the exhaust gas emissions from ships are estimated based on real ship movements, and analyses are made accord­ing to the reduction from 3.5-0.5% of the allowed sulphur content of the fuel was implemented on January 1, 2020. Firstly, Annex four which is containing the reg­ulations imposed by the International Maritime Organization was examined, and also SOx emission which is caused by ships passing through the Istanbul Strait was investigated. Also, a new approach to Trozzi and Vaccaro methodology was built. After, emission projections for 2030 and 2040 were made and the rate of SOx and particulate matter were analysed.
PAPER REVISED: 2020-06-05
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-06-15
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THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2020, VOLUME 24, ISSUE Supplement 1, PAGES [S149 - S155]
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© 2022 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence