International Scientific Journal


One of the objectives of industrial waste management is to reduce the amount of waste and to ensure its reuse in a way that allows notable improvement of resource efficiency. Location of a waste treatment plant is a strategic issue that require careful logistics system planning. The aim of this article is to create a model for solving the locationallocation problem of waste (i..e. secondary raw materials) treatment facilities, taking into account the territorial distribution, the type, and the quantity of secondary raw materials, the distance between waste-generating industries, as well as the CO 2 emissions from transport of secondary raw materials. The basic principle for defining a mathematical model is minimization of CO emissions from transport-related activities; 2 for this reason, modeling is based on the p median model that has been modified and put within the context of industrial waste management, including CO emissions from 2 transport. The location model is based on common industrial waste streams and CO 2 emissions from vehicles commonly used to transport secondary raw materials from generators to facilities. The verification of the model was performed through a case study that included the region of southeast Serbia. It confirmed usefullness of the proposed model for deciding on optimal locations for new industrial waste treatment plants.
PAPER REVISED: 2018-10-11
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2018-10-15
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2019, VOLUME 23, ISSUE Issue 3, PAGES [1957 - 1967]
  1. Santos, G., Road transport and CO2 emissions: What are the challenges?, Transport Policy 59 (2017) pp. 71-74
  2. ***, United Nations, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1992,
  3. ***, European Commission, Climate Action: Reducing Emissions from Transport,
  4. Ülengin, F., et al., Policy developments for the reduction of climate change impacts by the transportation sector, Transport Policy 61 (2018) pp. 36-50
  5. ***, European Commission, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European economic and social committee and the committee of the regions, A European Strategy for Low-Emission Mobility, COM/2016/0501 final of 20.7.2016, Brussels
  6. ***, Global Carbon Atlas,
  7. Petrović, S.G., et al., Multiple criteria decision making of alternative fuels for waste collection vehicles in southeast region of Serbia, Thermal science, 20 (2016), 5, pp. 1585-1598
  8. Srivastava, K.S., Green supply-chain management: A state-of-the-art literature review, International Journal of Management Reviews, 9 (2007), 1, pp. 53-80
  9. ***, European Commission, Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste, Official Journal of the European Union L 312/3
  10. Bing, X., Sustainable Reverse Logistics for Household Plastic Waste, PhD dissertation, Wageningen University, Wageningen, NL, 2014
  11. Uson, A.A., et al., Study of the environmental performance of end-of-life tyre recycling through a simplified mathematical approach, Thermal science, 16 (2012), 3, pp. 889-899
  12. Luković, A., et al., A reverse logistics model design for managing industrial waste stream, Proceedings (editor: Janošević, D.), 6th International conference transport and logistics, Niš, Serbia, 2017, pp. 258-264
  13. ***, Serbian Agency for Environmental Protection, Waste Management in the Republic of Serbia 2011-2016 (in Serbian), Belgrade, Serbia, 2017
  14. Luković, A., Development of an Eco-Industrial Network-Based Model for Managing Industrial Waste Flow, PhD dissertation, University of Niš, Serbia, 2016
  15. Lu, Z., Bostel, N. A., Facility Location Model for Logistics Systems Including Reverse Flows: The Case of Remanufacturing Activities, Computers & Operations Research, 34 (2007), pp. 299-323
  16. Mladenović, N., Continuous Location Problems (in Serbian: Kontinualni lokacijski problemi), Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Belgrade, Serbia, 2004
  17. Terouhid, A.,S., et. al., Towards sustainable facility location - A literature review, Journal of Sustainable Development, 5 (2012), 7, pp. 18-34
  18. Chaabane, A., et. al., Design of sustainable supply chains under the emission trading scheme, International Journal of Production Economics, 135 (2012), pp. 37-49
  19. Quariguasi Frota Neto, J., et. al., Designing and evaluating sustainable logistics networks, International Journal of Production Economics, 111 (2008), 2, pp. 195-208
  20. Elhedhli, S., Merrick, R., Green supply chain network design to reduce carbon emissions, Transportation Research Part D, 17 (2012), pp. 370-379
  21. Ouhader, H., El Kyal, M., Combining Facility Location and Routing Decisions in Sustainable Urban Freight Distribution under Horizontal Collaboration: How Can Shippers Be Benefited?, Mathematical Problems in Engineering, (2017). Available at:
  22. Xifeng, T., et al., A multi-objective optimization model for sustainable logistics facility location, Transportation Research Part D, 22 (2013), pp. 45-48
  23. Hakimi, S.L., Optimal Locations of Switching Centers and the Absolute Centers and Medians of a Graph, Operations Research, 12 (1964), pp. 450-459
  24. Hakimi, S.L., Optimal Distribution of Switching Centers in a Communication Network and Some Related Theoretic Graph Theoretic Problems, Operations Research, 13 (1965), pp. 462-475
  25. Current, J., et al., Discrete network location problem, in: Facility Location: Aplication and Theory (Eds. Z. Drezner, H.W. Hamacher), Springer-Verlag, 2001, pp. 84 - 12067
  26. Teodorović, D., Transport networks (in Serbian: Transportne mreže), Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, University of Belgrade, Serbia, 2007
  27. Mladenović, N., et. al., The p-median problem: A survey of metaheuristic approaches, European Journal of Operational Research, 179 (2007), 3, pp. 927-939
  28. ***, Serbian Agency for Environmental Protection, National Pollutant Source Register,
  29. ***, Law on Waste Management, (in Serbian: Zakon o upravljanju otpadom) Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No. 36/09, 88/10, 14/16
  30. Papić, V., et al., Determination of Emissions of Gaseous Pollutants from Road Transport Using COPERT IV Model of the Environmental European Agency (in Serbian), Institute of the Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, 2010

© 2024 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence