International Scientific Journal


The shape of the piston cavity, variable injection pressure and variable compression ratio are main input parameters to give better atomization of fuels and high swirling induction that improves the Diesel engine performance, combustion, and emissions characteristics. In this study, the engine test was carried out to improve the combustion, performance, and emissions with the use of two different pistons namely hemispherical shaped piston (standard engine), and toroidal cavity piston with varied injection pressures in a single-cylinder direct injection Diesel engine using 25% of corn oil methyl ester-diesel blend (COME25). Initially, the piston bowl was modified to toroidal combustion chamber with tangential cut on circumference of the piston crown in a standard piston of hemispherical type combustion chamber. The engine speed, compression ratio, and injection timing were kept constant and the results of toroidal combustion chamber compared with base engine piston of hemispherical combustion chamber using diesel and COME25 fuel. The results showed that the toroidal combustion chamber has improved performance, combustion and emissions with the exception of NOx emissions.
PAPER REVISED: 2017-09-24
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2017-10-17
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THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2018, VOLUME 22, ISSUE Issue 3, PAGES [1445 - 1456]
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© 2024 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence