International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links


Cell temperature and selection of the reactant gases are crucial parameters for the design and optimization of fuel cell performance. In this study, effect of operating conditions on the performance of Solid Oxide Fuel (SOFC) has been investigated. Application of Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was applied to optimize operations conditions in SOFC. For this purpose, an experimental set up for testing of SOFC has been established to investigate the effect of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen flow rates and cell temperature parameters on cell performance. Hydrogen flow rate, oxygen flow rate, nitrogen flow rate and cell temperature were the main parameters considered and they were varied between 0.25 and 1 L/min, 0.5 and 1 L/min, 0 and 1 L/min and 700-800 oC in the analyses respectively. The maximum power density was found as 0.572 W/cm2 in the experiments.
PAPER REVISED: 2014-02-24
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2014-02-24
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2016, VOLUME 20, ISSUE Issue 5, PAGES [1421 - 1433]
  1. Kakaç, S., Pramuanjaroenkij, A., Zhou, X. Y., A Review of Numerical Modeling of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, International Association for Hydrogen Energy 2006
  2. Liu, Z. , Ding, D., Liu, M., Ding, X., Chen, D., Li, X., Xia, C., Liu, M., High-Performance, Ceria-Based Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Fabricated at Low Temperatures, Journal of Power Sources 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.04.130
  3. Wen, H., Ordonez, J. C., Vargas, J. V. C., Single Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling and Optimization, Journal of Power Sources, 196 (2011), pp. 7519- 7532
  4. Qua Z., Aravinda, P. V., Dekkerb, N. J. J., Janssenb, A. H. H., Woudstraa, N., Verkooijena, A. H. M., Three-Dimensional Thermo-Fluid and Electrochemical Modeling of Anode-Supported Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell, Journal of Power Sources, 195 (2010), pp. 7787-7795
  5. Park, J., Kang, J., Bae, J., Computational Analysis of Operating Temperature, Hydrogen Flow Rate and Anode Thickness in Anode-Supported Flat-Tube Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Renewable Energy, 54 (2013), pp. 63-69
  6. Wen, H., Ordonez, J. C., Vargas, J. V. C., Optimization of Single SOFC Structural Design for Maximum Power, Applied Thermal Engineering, 50 (2013), pp. 12-25
  7. Wang, G., Yang, Y., Zhang, H., Xia, W., 3-D Model of Thermo-Fluid and Electrochemical for Planar SOFC, Journal of Power Sources, 167 (2007), pp. 398-405
  8. Mauro, A., Arpino, F., Massarotti, N., Three-Dimensional Simulation of Heat and Mass Transport Phenomena in Planar SOFCs, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 36 (2011), pp. 10288-10301
  9. Costamagna, P., Cerutti, F., Felice, R.D., Collins, R., Utilizatıon of Gases From Bıomass Gasification in a Reformıng Reactor Coupled to an Integrated Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Simulation Analysis, Thermal Science, 8 (2004), 2, pp. 127-142
  10. Razbani, O., Wærnhus I, Assadi M. Experimental Investigation of Temperature Distribution Over a Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell, Applied Energy 105 (2013) pp. 155-160
  11. Yan, D., Bin, Z., Fang, D., Luo, J., Wang, X., Pu, J., Chi, B., Jian, L., Zhang, Y., Feasibility Study of an External Manifold for Planar Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Stack, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38 (2013), pp. 660-66
  12. Nguyen, V. N., Fang, Q., Packbier, U., Blum, L., Long-Term Tests of a Ju'lich Planar Short Stack with Reversible Solid Oxide Cells in Both Fuel Cell and Electrolysis Modes, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38 (2013), pp. 4281-4290
  13. Jin, L., Guan, W., Niu, J., Ma, X., Wang, W. G., Effect of Contact Area and that Depth between Cell Cathode and Interconnect on Stack Performance for Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Journal of Power Sources, xxx (2013), pp. 1-10
  14. Djamel, H., Hafsia, A., Bariza, Z., Hocine, B. M., Kafia, O., Thermal Field in SOFC Fed by Hydrogen: Inlet Gases Temperature Effect, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy xxx (2013) pp. 1-9
  15. Kim, S. D., Seo, D. W., Dorai, A. K., Woo, S. K., The Effect of Gas Compositions on the Performance and Durability of Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cells, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38 (2013), pp. 6569-6576
  16. Lima, H. T., Hwang, S. C., Ahn, J. S., Performance of Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell in Planar-Cell Channel-Type Setup, Ceramics International, 39 (2013), pp. 659-S662
  17. Choudhuryn, A., Chandra, H., Arora, A., Application of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology for Power Generation: A Review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 20 (2013), pp. 430-442
  18. Secanella, M., Wishartb, J., Dobsona, P., Computational Design and Optimization of Fuel Cells and Fuel Cell Systems: A Review, Journal of Power Sources, 196 (2011), pp. 3690-3704
  19. Vitoriano, N. O., López, C. B., Larramendi, I. R., Knibbe, R., Thydén, K., Hauch, A., Holtappels, P., Rojo, T., Optimizing Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathode Processing Route for Intermediate Temperature Operation, Applied Energy, 104 (2013) pp. 984-991
  20. Bia, W., Chena, D., Lina, Z., A Key Geometric Parameter for the Flow Uniformity in Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Stacks, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 34 (2009), pp. 3873 - 3884
  21. Bi, W., Li, J., Lin, Z., Flow Uniformity Optimization for Large Size Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cells with U-Type Parallel Channel, Journal of Power Sources, 195 (2010), pp. 3207-3214
  22. San, F.G.B., Gulsac, I.I., Okur, O., Analysis of the polymer composite bipolar plate properties on the performance of PEMFC (polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells) by RSM (response surface methodology), Energy 55, (2013) pp. 1067-1075
  23. Taymaz, I., Akgun, F., Benli, M., Application of response surface methodology to optimize and investigate the effects of operating conditions on the performance of DMFC, Energy 36, (2011), pp. 1155-1160
  24. EG&G Technical Services Inc. Fuel Cell Handbook. USA; 2004
  25. Pasaogullari, U., Wang, C. Y., Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, J. Electrochem. Soc., 151 (2004), A399
  26. Wahdamea, B., Candussob, D., Francoisa, X., Harelb, F., Kauffmanna, J. M., Coqueryb, G., Design of Experiment Techniques for Fuel Cell Characterisation and Development, Int J Hydrogen Energy, 34 (2009), 967-980
  27. Myers, R. H., Montgomery, D. C., Response surface methodology: process and product optimization using designed experiments, John Wiley & Sons Inc., USA, 2002
  28. Bas, D., Boyacı, I. H., Modelling and Optimization I: Usability of Response Surface Methodology, J. Food Eng., 78 (2007), pp. 836-845
  29. Nevena, M. M., , Gordana B. K., Lato L. P., Ljubinko B. L., Biljana L. C., Vladimir S. F., Milica R. N., Optimization of the Osmotic Dehydration of Carrot Cubes in Sugar Beet Molasses Thermal Science, 16 (2012), 1, pp. 43-52
  30. Stat-Ease, Inc. Design Expert 7 User Guide. USA; 2007
  31. Kline, S. J., McClintock, F. A., Describing Uncertainties in Single-Sample Experiments, Mechanical Engineering, 75 (1953), pp. 3-8

© 2024 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence