International Scientific Journal


Significant increasing of mean annual air temperatures, freezing index and thawing index - have exerted a considerable impact on the state of permafrost landscapes and ecosystems in Eastern Siberia on the last few decades. Many animals and plants have shifted their ranges and this may be the precursor of northward shifts of the landscape zones. Landscapes that contain ground ice bodies in the underlying permafrost are especially sensitive to climate warming. Increase of mean annual air temperature for 2-3°C over the last three decades has resulted an increase in ground temperature by 0.4-1.3°C in the upper part of permafrost, which in turn has led intensification of negative cryogenic processes. Previous year’s measurements of greenhouses gases emission in the Middle Taiga forest of central Yakutia were found to show high values and spatial variability. The wet meadow soils and shallow lakes have highest methane fluxes, almost comparable with emissions from tropical peatlands. Permafrost ecosystems respond to global warming quite rapidly. This makes the study of their changes somewhat easier, but still requires meticulous attention to observations, research, and analysis of the processes under way.
PAPER REVISED: 2015-06-01
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2015-07-03
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2015, VOLUME 19, ISSUE Supplement 2, PAGES [S351 - S360]
  1. Mel'nikov, V.P. et al., Permafrost Evolution under Current Climate Changes, Kholodok, 1 2012, 9, pp. 7-16 (in Russian)
  2. IPCC, Summary for Policymakers, in: Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Eds. O. Edenhofer et al.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, 2014
  3. Jorgenson, M.T., et al., Resilience and Vulnerability of Permafrost to Climate Change, Can. J. For. Res., 40 (2010), pp. 1219-1236
  4. USSR Committee on Hydrometeorology, Nauchno-prikladnoy spravochnik po klimatu SSSR. Vyp. 24. Yakutskaya ASSR, kn. 1 (Handbook on the UUSR Climate. Vol. 24. Yakutskaya ASSR, Book 1), Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1989 (in Russian)
  5. Solov'ev, P.A., Distribution Zonality and Regional Characteristics of Permafrost. Scale 1:12,000,000, in: Karta-vrezka v Merzlotno-landshaftnoy karte Yakutskoy ASSR. Masshtab 1: 2 500 000, (Inset Map in the Permafrost Landscape Map of the Yakutskaya ASSR, Scale 1: 2,500,000 (Ed. P.I. Melnikov)), GUGK, Moscow, 1991, 2 sheets (in Russian)
  6. Fotiev, S.M., Kriogennyy metamorfizm porod i podzemnyx vod (usloviya i rezul'taty), (Cryogenic Metamorphism of Rocks and Ground Water (Conditions and Results), Geo, Novosibirsk, 2009 (in Russian)
  7. Katasonov, E.M. et al., Stroenie i absolyutnaya geoxronologiya alasnyx otlozhenij Central'noj Yakutii, (Structure and Absolute Geochronology of Alas Deposits in Central Yakutia), Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1979 (in Russian)
  8. Kaplina, T.N., Alas Complexes in Northern Yakutia, Kriosfera Zemli, XIII (2009), 4, pp. 3-17 (in Russian)
  9. Gavrilova, M.K. Changes in Climate (Air Temperature and Precipitation) in Yakutia and Potential Impacts on Agriculture, Nauka i Obrazovanie (2009), 3, pp. 48-54 (in Russian).
  10. Skachkov, Y.B., Recent Trends in Air Temperature in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), in: Voprosy geografii Yakutii. Vyp.9: Issledovaniya landshaftov kriogennyx oblastey, (Issues of the Geography of Yakutia, vol. 9, Landscape Investigations in Cryogenic Regions (Eds. M.K. Gavrilova, A.N. Fedorov), Permafrost Institute SB RAS Press, Yakutsk, 2005, pp. 27-31 (in Russian)
  11. Skachkov, Y.B., Climatic parameters, in: Obzor sovremennyx izmeneniy klimata i prirodnoy sredy v Respublike Sakha (Yakutiya), (A Review of Recent Climatic and Environmental Changes in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Permafrost Institute SB RAS Press, Yakutsk, 2010, pp. 1-3 (in Russian)
  12. Pavlov, A.V., Malkova, G.V., Small-scale Mapping of Trends of Contemporary Ground Temperature Changes in the Russian North, Kriosfera Zemli, XIII (2009), 4, pp. 32-39 (in Russian)
  13. Romanovsky, V.E. et al., Past and Recent Changes in Air and Permafrost Temperatures in Eastern Siberia, Global and Planetary Change (2007), 56, pp. 399-413
  14. Morgenstern, A. et al., Spatial Analyses of Thermokarst Lakes and Basins in Yedoma Landscapes of the Lena Delta, The Cryosphere (2011), 5, pp. 849-867
  15. Van Huissteden, J. et al. The Importance of Ecosystem Recovery for Quantification of Greenhouse Gas Fluxes from Permafrost Degradation, Proceedings, 1st International Conference Global Warming and The Human Nature Dimension in Siberia: Social Adaptation to the Changes of the Terrestrial Ecosystem, with an Emphasis on Water Environments, Kyoto, Japan, 2012, pp. 48-50
  16. Grigoriev, M.N. et al., Dynamics of the Russian East Arctic Sea Coast: Major Factors, Regularities and Tendencies, Kriosfera Zemli, X (2006), 4, pp. 74-94 (in Russian)
  17. Fedorov, A.N. et al., Estimating the Water Balance of a Thermokarst Lake in The Middle of the Lena River Basin, Eastern Siberia, Ecohydrology, 7 (2014), 2, pp. 188-196
  18. Iijima, Y. et al., Abrupt Increases in Soil Temperatures Following Increased Precipitation in a Permafrost Region, Central Lena River Basin, Russia, Permafrost and Periglac. Process. (2010), 21, pp. 30-41
  19. Desyatkin, A.R. et al., Effect of Human Activity on Carbon Balance in Meadows in a Thermokarst Depression in Siberia, Eurasian Journal of Forest Research, 10-1 (2007), pp. 89-96
  20. Desyatkin, A.R. et al., CH4 Emission from Different Stages of Thermokarst Formation in Central Yakutia, East Siberia, Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 55 (2009), 4, р. 558-570
  21. Desyatkin, A.R. et al., Flood Effect on CH4 Emission from the Alas in Central Yakutia, East Siberia, Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 60 (2014), 2, pp. 242-253
  22. Komarov, V.L., Vvedenie v izuchenie rastitel'nosti Yakutii, (Introduction to Vegetation Research in Yakutia), USSR Academy of Sciences Press, 1926 (in Russian)
  23. Karavaev, M.N., Konspekt flory Yakutii (The Synopsis of the Flora of Yakutia), USSR Academy of Sciences Press, Moscow-Leningrad, 1958 (in Russian)
  24. Andreev, V.N. et al., Opredelitel' vysshikh rasteniy Yakutii (Identification Guide for Higher Plants in Yakutia), Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1974 (in Russian)
  25. Zakharova, V.I. et al., Raznoobrazie rastitel'nogo mira Yakutii (Flora Diversity in Yakutia), SB RAS Press, Novosibirsk, 2005 (in Russian)
  26. Kuznetsova, L.V., Zakharova, V.I., Konspekt flory Yakutii: Sosudistye rastenia (The Synopsis of the Flora of Yakutia: Vascular Plants), Nauka, Novosibirsk, 2012 (in Russian)
  27. Stepanova, V.V., Okhlopkov, I.M., Ekologiya blagorodnogo olenya (The Ecology of Red Deer), Nauka, Novosibirsk, 2009 (in Russian)
  28. Nakhodkin, N.A. et al., Ptitsy Yakutii: polevoy spravochnik (Birds of Yakutia: A Field Guide), Oktaedr, Yakutsk, 2008 (in Russian)
  29. Maack, R.K., Vilyuyskiy okrug Yakutskoy oblasti, (Vilyuisk Okrug in Yakutsk Oblast), Part III, St. Petersburg, 1987 (in Russian)
  30. Egorov, O.V., Dikie kopytnye Yakutii (Wild Ungulates of Yakutia), Nauka, Moscow, 1965 (in Russian)
  31. Popov, M.V., Aircraft Survey of Roe Deer, in: Metody ucheta chislennosti promyslovykh zhivotnykh Yakutii (Methods for Counting Hunt Animals in Yakutia), Yakutsk Publishing House, Yakutsk, 1970, pp. 38-45 (in Russian)

© 2023 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence