International Scientific Journal


Solar radiation is a key driving force for many natural processes. At the Earth’s surface solar radiation is the result of complex interactions between the atmosphere and Earth’s surface. Our study highlights the development and evaluation of a data base of potential solar radiation that is based on a digital elevation model (DEM) with a resolution of 90 m over Serbia. The main aim of this paper is to map solar radiation in Serbia using DEM. This is so far the finest resolution being applied and presented using DEM. The final results of the potential direct, diffuse and total solar radiation as well as duration of insolation databases of Serbia are portrayed as thematic maps that can be communicated and shared easily through the cartographic web map-based service. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. III 43007, III 47014, i TR 36035]
PAPER REVISED: 2015-08-19
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2015-08-27
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2015, VOLUME 19, ISSUE Supplement 2, PAGES [S427 - S435]
  1. Dubayah, R., Rich, P. M., Topographic solar-radiation models for GIS, International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 9 (1995), pp. 495-519
  2. Ramanathan, V. C. P. J., et al., Aerosols, climate, and the hydrological cycle, Science, 294 (2001), 5549, pp. 2119-2124
  3. Stanhill, G., Cohen S., Solar radiation changes in the United States during the twentieth century: Evidence from sunshine duration measurements, Journal of Climate, 18 (2005), pp. 1503- 1512
  4. Liepert, B. G., Observed reductions of surface solar radiation at sites in the United States and worldwide from 1961 to 1990, Geophysical Research Letters, 29 (2002), 10, pp. 61-1-61-
  5. Pinker, R. T., et al., Do satellites detect trends in surface solar radiation? Science, 308 (2005), pp. 850-854
  6. Stanhill, G., Global dimming: A new aspect of climate change, Weather, 60 (2005), 1, pp. 11- 14
  7. Streets, D. G., et al., Two-decadal aerosol trends as a likely explanation of the global dimming/brightening transition, Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (2006), 15, L15806, doi:10.1029/2006GL026471
  8. Alpert, P., et al., Global dimming or local dimming? Effect of urbanization on sunlight availability, Geophysical Research Letters, 32 (2005), 17, pp. 1-4
  9. Power, H. C., Trends in solar radiation over Germany and an assessment of the role of aerosols and sunshine duration. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 76 (2003), 1-2, pp. 47-63
  10. Auer, I., et al., HISTALP- Historical instrumental climatological surface time series of the Greater Alpine Region, International Journal of Climatology, 27 (2007), 1, pp. 17-46
  11. Reinhard, M., et al., Recent climate change: Rethinking drought in the context of forest fire research in Ticino, south of Switzerland, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 82 (2005), 1-2, pp. 17-25
  12. Angell, J. K., Variation in United States cloudiness and sunshine duration between 1950 and the drought year of 1988, Journal of Climate, 3 (1990), 2, pp. 296- 308
  13. Liang, F., Xia, X. A., Long-term trends in solar radiation and the associated climatic factors over China for 1961- 2000, Annales Geophysicae, 23 (2005), 7, pp. 2425-2432
  14. Inoue, T., Matsumoto, J., Seasonal and secular variations of sunshine duration and natural seasons in Japan, International Journal of Climatology, 23 (2003), 7, pp. 1219-1234
  15. López, G., et al., A new simple parameterization of daily clear-sky global solar radiation including horizon effects, Energy Conversion and Management, 48 (2007), 1, pp. 226-233
  16. Ruiz‐Arias, J. A., et al., A comparative analysis of DEM‐based models to estimate the solar radiation in mountainous terrain, International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 23 (2009), 8, pp. 1049-1076
  17. Wilson, J. P., Gallant, J. C., Secondary topographic attributes, in: Terrain analysis: Principles and applications (Ed. Wilson, J. P., Gallant, J.), John Wiley and sons, New York, 2000, pp. 87-131
  18. Hofierka, J., Šúri, M., The solar radiation model for Open source GIS: implementation and applications, Proceedings of the Open source GIS-GRASS users conference, 2000, pp. 1-19
  19. Böhner, J., Antonić, O., Land-surface parameters specific to topo-climatology', in: Geomorphometry - Concepts, Software, Applications (Ed. Hengl, T., Reuter, H.). Elsevier, Vol. 33, 2009, pp. 195-226
  20. Perčec Tadić, M., Digitalna karta srednje godišnje sume globalnog sunčeva zračenja i model proračuna globalnog sunčeva zračenja na nagnute različito orijentirane plohe, Hrvatski meteorološki časopis, 39 (2004), pp. 4l-49
  21. Neteler, M., Mitasova, H., Open Source GIS: A GRASS GIS Approach, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 2004
  22. Scharmer, K., Greif, J., (eds.) The European Solar Radiation Atlas. Vol. 2: Database and Exploitation Software, Presses de l'Ecole des Mines de Paris, Paris, France, 2000
  23. Gallant, J. C., Wilson, J. P., TAPES-G: a grid-based terrain analysis program for the environmental sciences. Computers & Geosciences, 22 (1996), 7, pp. 713-722
  24. Böhner, J., et al.,
  25. Šúri, M., et al., Potential of solar electricity generation in the European Union member states and candidate countries, Solar energy, 81 (2007), 10, pp. 1295-1305
  26. Pons, X., Ninyerola, M., Mapping a topographic global solar radiation model implemented in a GIS and refined with ground data, International Journal of Climatology, 28 (2008), 13, pp. 1821-1834
  27. Tovar, H. F., Baldasano, J. M., Solar radiation mapping from NOAA AVHRR data in Catalonia, Spain, Journal of Applied Meteorology, 40 (2001), 11, pp. 1821-1834
  28. Unkašević, M., Characteristic global and diffuse solar radiation values for Serbia, Idojárás, 101 (1997), 1, pp. 55-64
  29. Gburčik, P., et al., Complementary Regimes of Solar and Wind Energy in Serbia, Geographica Pannonica, 10 (2006), pp. 22-25
  30. Protić D., et al., 3D roof modeling for accurate assessment of solar potential, EUROSUN2012, Conference Proceedings, Opatija, Croatia, ISBN 978-953-6886-20-3 (2012)
  31. Unkašević, M., Radinović, DJ. Statistical analysis of daily maximum and monthly precipitation at Belgrade, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 66 (2000), 3-4, pp. 241- 249
  32. Perčec Tadić, M., Gridded Croatian climatology for 1961-1990, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 102 (2010), 1, pp. 87-103
  33. Pavlović, T. M., et al., Comparison and assessment of electricity generation capacity for different types of photovoltaic solar plants of 1 mw in Sokobanja, Serbia, Thermal Science, 15 (2011), 3, pp. 605-618
  34. Raaflaub, L. D., Collins, M. J., The effect of error in gridded digital elevation models on the estimation of topographic parameters, Environmental Modelling & Software, 21 (2006), 5, pp. 710-732
  35. Häntzschel, J., et al., GIS-based regionalisation of radiation, temperature and coupling measures in complex terrain for low mountain ranges, Meteorological Applications, 12 (2005), 1, pp. 33-42
  36. Kumar, R., Umanand, L., Estimation of global radiation using clearness index model for sizing photovoltaic system, Renewable Energy, 30 (2005), 15, pp. 2221-2233
  37. Luković, J., Spatial pattern of climate change in Serbia in the instrumental period, Ph. D. thesis, University of Belgrade, in serbian 2013
  38. Sanchez-Lorenzo, A., et al., Dimming/ brightening over the Iberian Peninsula: trends in sunshine duration and cloud cover and their relations with atmospheric circulation, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 114 (2009), D00D09
  39. Tovar‐Pescador, J., et al., On the use of the digital elevation model to estimate the solar radiation in areas of complex topography, Meteorological Applications, 13 (2006), 3, pp. 279-287
  40. Wang, L., Wang, K., Impacts of DEM Uncertainty on Estimated Surface Solar Radiation and Extracted River Network, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96 (2015), 2, pp. 297-304
  41. Kilibarda, M. Bajat, B., plotgooglemaps: The r-based web-mapping tool for thematic spatial data, Geomatica, 66 (2012), 1, pp. 37-49
  42. Haklay, M., et al., Web Mapping 2.0: The Neogeography of the GeoWeb, Geography Compass, 2 (2008), 6, pp. 2011-2039
  43. Janke, J. R., Multicriteria GIS modeling of wind and solar farms in Colorado, Renewable Energy, 35 (2010), 10, pp. 2228-2234
  44. Karakosta, C., et al., Review and analysis of renewable energy perspectives in Serbia, Intenational Journal of Energy and Environment, 2 (2011), 1, pp. 71-84

© 2024 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence