**ABSTRACT**

The article represents an experimental investigation of friction and heat transfer characteristics of divergent / convergent rectangular ducts with an inclination angle of 1˚ in the y-axis. Measurements were taken for a convergent / divergent rectangular duct of aspect ratio AR at inlet1.25 and outlet in convergent channel 1.35; but in case of divergent duct it can be reversed. The four uniform rib heights, e = 3, 6, 9 and 12 mm the ratio between rib height to hydraulic mean diameter (e/Dm) are 34.8, 69.7, 104.6 and 138.7 a constant rib pitch distance, P = 60 mm has been used. The flow rate in terms of average Reynolds number based on the hydraulic mean diameter (Dm) is 86 mm of the channel was in a range of 20,000 to 50,000. The two ceramic heating strip of 10 mm thickness is used as a heating element have attached on top and bottom surfaces for the test sections. The heat transfer performance of the divergent / convergent ducts for 3, 6, 9 and 12 mm ribs was conducted under identical mass flow rate based on the Reynolds number. In our experiments has totally 8 different ducts were used. In addition, the acceleration / deceleration caused by the cross section area, the divergent duct generally shows enhanced heat transfer behavior for four different rib sizes, while the convergent duct has an appreciable reduction in heat transfer performance. From result point view divergent duct with 3 mm height ribbed square duct gets maximum heat transfer coefficient with minimum friction loss over the other convergent / divergent ducts.

**KEYWORDS**

PAPER SUBMITTED: 2014-01-07

PAPER REVISED: 2014-02-22

PAPER ACCEPTED: 2014-07-12

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2014-09-06

**THERMAL SCIENCE** YEAR

**2015**, VOLUME

**19**, ISSUE

**Issue 6**, PAGES [2219 - 2231]

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