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Fluid-solid coupling simulation is conducted to investigate the performance of effusion cooling in the real combustion chamber condition of strong rotation and primary holes. The wall temperature and film cooling effectiveness of different deflection angle is analyzed. From the results, it is concluded that the performance of effusion is better than conventional film cooling. The wall temperature and gradient is lower, the cooling efficiency is higher and the coolant is reduced by 20%, but pressure loss is slightly increased. The cooling effectiveness decreases behind primary holes because of local combustion. Comparison with the effect of deflection angle, the cooling performance of 60 deg deflection angle is best. The coolant is better attached to the wall downstream when the deflection angle is same as the rotating mainstream. In addition, the effect of deflection angle is not so significant on the coolant flow rate, but a large negative impact on the pressure loss. Although the cooling effectiveness of 60 deg deflection angle is highest, the total pressure recovery coefficient is lower. The maximum temperature drops about 70K and the outlet temperature distribution trends more consistent. So various factors should be taken into consideration when designing of deflection angle.
PAPER REVISED: 2014-02-27
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2014-03-08
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THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2015, VOLUME 19, ISSUE Issue 2, PAGES [645 - 656]
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