THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION ON THE EFFECT OF INJECTION PRESSURE ON THE INTERNAL FLOW CHARACTERISTICS FOR DIETHYL ETHER, DIMETHYL ETHER AND DIESEL FUEL INJECTORS USING CFD

ABSTRACT
The spray characteristics of the diesel fuel are greatly affected by the cavitation formed inside the injector due to the high pressure differential across the nozzle. Many researchers across the globe are exploring the potential of using diethyl ether and dimethyl ether as an alternate for diesel fuel to meet the strict emission norms. Due to the variation in the fuel properties the internal flow characteristics in injectors for ether fuels are expected to be different from that of the diesel fuel. In this paper computational technique is used to study and compare the internal flow characteristics of diethyl ether, dimethyl ether and diesel fuel. The two phase flow model considering the fuel as a mixture of liquid and vapor is adopted for the simulation study. The injection pressure is varied from 100 to 400 bar and the flow characteristics of all three fuels are simulated and compared. Results indicate that all three fuels have distinct cavitating patterns owing to different property values. The dimethyl ether is found to be more cavitating than diesel and diethyl ether fuels as expected. The mass of fuel injected are found to be decreasing for the ether fuels when compared with diesel fuel at all injection pressures.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2010-07-17
PAPER REVISED: 2011-08-18
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2011-08-24
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI100717091V
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2011, VOLUME 15, ISSUE Issue 4, PAGES [1123 - 1130]
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